Abaxis Patent Grants

Peptides, devices, and methods for the detection of antibodies

Granted: October 18, 2016
Patent Number: 9470682
The invention provides compositions (e.g., peptide compositions) useful for the detection of antibodies that bind to Ehrlichia antigens. The peptide compositions comprise polypeptide sequences based on an immunogenic fragment of the Ehrlichia Outer Membrane Protein 1 (OMP-1) protein. The invention also provides devices, methods, and kits comprising such peptide compositions and useful for the detection of antibodies that bind to Ehrlichia antigens and the diagnosis of monocytic…

Compositions and methods for identifying species

Granted: September 13, 2016
Patent Number: 9442112
The invention provides methods, kits, compositions, and devices useful for detection of antibodies that bind to Ehrlichia antigens and/or for differentiation of certain Ehrlichia species from others. In particular, the invention provides methods and kits useful for identifying species of Ehrlichia using populations of isolated peptides.

Peptides and methods for the detection of lyme disease antibodies

Granted: December 1, 2015
Patent Number: 9201071
The invention provides compositions (e.g., peptide compositions) useful for the detection of antibodies that bind to Borrelia antigens. The peptide compositions comprise polypeptide sequences comprising variants in the IR6 domain of the Borrelia VlsE protein. The invention also provides devices, methods, and kits comprising such peptide compositions and useful for the detection of antibodies that bind to Borrelia antigens and the diagnosis of Lyme disease.

Peptides, devices, and methods for the detection of antibodies

Granted: November 24, 2015
Patent Number: 9194870
The invention provides populations of isolated peptides useful for the detection of antibodies that bind to Anaplasma antigens. The peptide populations comprise peptides derived from immunogenic fragments of the Anaplasma Outer Membrane Protein proteins. The invention also provides devices, methods, and kits comprising the populations of isolated peptides useful for the detection of antibodies that bind to Anaplasma antigens and the diagnosis of anaplasmosis. Methods of identifying the…

Peptides, devices, and methods for the detection of antibodies

Granted: October 13, 2015
Patent Number: 9157913
The invention provides peptide compositions and mixtures useful for the detection of antibodies that bind to Ehrlichia antigens. The peptide compositions and mixtures comprise polypeptide sequences based on an immunogenic fragment of the Ehrlichia Outer Membrane Protein 1 (OMP-1) protein. The invention also provides devices, methods, and kits comprising such peptide compositions and mixtures useful for the detection of antibodies that bind to Ehrlichia antigens and the diagnosis of…

Signal amplification in lateral flow and related immunoassays

Granted: May 19, 2015
Patent Number: 9034656
The present invention provides methods, devices, compositions (e.g., capture complexes), and kits useful for enhancing the detection of antibodies in a test sample. The methods, devices, and compositions utilize detectable Fc-binding molecules such as Protein A, Protein G, and/or an Fc-specific antibody to amplify the signal of a detected antibody in immunoassays, such as lateral flow assays.

Lateral flow strip assay with immobilized conjugate

Granted: September 30, 2014
Patent Number: 8846319
The present invention discloses analyte detection devices for detecting one or more analytes present in test samples, especially biological samples. In particular, the devices of the invention are lateral flow assay devices comprising immobilized metal nanoparticle conjugates as the detection means. Methods of using the devices and kits comprising the devices are also described.

Peptides, devices, and methods for the detection of ehrlichia antibodies

Granted: September 9, 2014
Patent Number: 8828675
The invention provides compositions (e.g., peptide compositions) useful for the detection of antibodies that bind to Ehrlichia antigens. The peptide compositions comprise polypeptide sequences based on an immunogenic fragment of the Ehrlichia Outer Membrane Protein 1 (OMP-1) protein. The invention also provides devices, methods, and kits comprising such peptide compositions and useful for the detection of antibodies that bind to Ehrlichia antigens and the diagnosis of monocytic…

Peptides and methods for the detection of lyme disease antibodies

Granted: June 24, 2014
Patent Number: 8758772
The invention provides compositions (e.g., peptide compositions) useful for the detection of antibodies that bind to Borrelia antigens. The peptide compositions comprise polypeptide sequences comprising variants in the IR6 domain of the Borrelia VlsE protein. The invention also provides devices, methods, and kits comprising such peptide compositions and useful for the detection of antibodies that bind to Borrelia antigens and the diagnosis of Lyme disease.

Multi-wavelength analyses of sol-particle specific binding assays

Granted: March 18, 2014
Patent Number: 8673576
The present invention discloses methods for detecting the presence of a complex between a first reagent and a second reagent in solution. In particular, the invention provides methods for qualitative or quantitative detection of an analyte or its specific binding partner in complex biological samples. The invention further discloses algorithms using summary rate changes at selected wavelengths in the absorbance spectra of colloidal metal-labeled analytes or specific binding partners to…

Peptides and methods for the detection of Lyme disease antibodies

Granted: October 29, 2013
Patent Number: 8568989
The invention provides compositions (e.g., peptide compositions) useful for the detection of antibodies that bind to Borrelia antigens. The peptide compositions comprise polypeptide sequences comprising variants in the IR6 domain of the Borrelia VlsE protein. The invention also provides devices, methods, and kits comprising such peptide compositions and useful for the detection of antibodies that bind to Borrelia antigens and the diagnosis of Lyme disease.

Methods of reducing non-specific interaction in metal nanoparticle assays

Granted: September 10, 2013
Patent Number: 8530152
The present invention discloses methods of reducing non-specific interactions of interfering species present in a sample in metallic nanoparticle-based assays, thereby increasing the sensitivity of these assays. In particular, the methods entail neutralizing the chemical reactivity of functional groups present in interfering species by addition of a neutralizing agent, such as an alkylating agent or heavy metal ion. The methods are especially useful in assays for the detection of…

Split flow device for analyses of specific-binding partners

Granted: February 19, 2013
Patent Number: 8377643
The present invention provides an analyte detection system for detecting a target analyte in a sample. In particular, the invention provides a detection system capable of one-step amplification of the detection signal by incorporating a secondary flow path that can deliver reagents to a reaction zone. Methods of using the detection system to detect analytes in samples, particularly biological samples, and kits comprising the detection system are also disclosed.

Multi-wavelength analyses of sol-particle specific binding assays

Granted: March 20, 2012
Patent Number: 8137920
The present invention discloses methods for detecting the presence of a complex between a first reagent and a second reagent in solution. In particular, the invention provides methods for qualitative or quantitative detection of an analyte or its specific binding partner in complex biological samples. The invention further discloses algorithms using summary rate changes at selected wavelengths in the absorbance spectra of colloidal metal-labeled analytes or specific binding partners to…

Modified siphons for improving metering precision

Granted: August 16, 2011
Patent Number: 7998411
The present invention provides centrifugal rotors for delivering a premeasured volume of liquid to a chamber in the rotor. In particular the rotors comprise siphons for delivering a premeasured volume of liquid between a first and a second chamber in the rotor. The siphons of the invention are designed such that the inlet of the siphon on the first chamber is radially outward of the siphon outlet on the second chamber. The first chamber is emptied to a level equivalent to the radial…

Systems for the detection of short and long samples

Granted: July 27, 2010
Patent Number: 7765069
Methods and systems are provided for detecting the accidental use of short and long samples in the clinical analysis of a sample, specimen, or assay. The systems can include a clinical analyzer for determining one or more values for one or more measurable characteristics of a sample. These values are used in combination with reference data stored in a data module to generate a probability that the sample tested is a short sample, a long sample, or an acceptable sample. This probability…

Systems and methods for the detection of short and long samples

Granted: February 13, 2007
Patent Number: 7177767
Methods and systems are provided for detecting the accidental use of short and long samples in the clinical analysis of a sample, specimen, or assay. The systems can include a clinical analyzer for determining one or more values for one or more measurable characteristics of a sample. These values are used in combination with reference data stored in a data module to generate a probability that the sample tested is a short sample, a long sample, or an acceptable sample. This probability…

Sodium activation of amylase

Granted: November 16, 2004
Patent Number: 6818415
Chloride ion and sodium ion determination methods, compositions, and assays are provided which are based on the use of sodium ion as an activator for &agr;-amylase. Chloride ion and sodium ion determination are performed by colorimetry, using measurements of &agr;-amylase activity to indirectly measure the desired ion concentrations. One preferred composition for chloride ion determination comprises &agr;-amylase that is substantially calcium free, sodium ion in higher concentration than…

Modified siphons for improving metering precision

Granted: June 22, 2004
Patent Number: 6752961
The present invention provides centrifugal rotors for delivering a premeasured volume of liquid to a chamber in the rotor. In particular the rotors comprise siphons for delivering a premeasured volume of liquid between a first and a second chamber in the rotor. The siphons of the invention are designed such that the inlet of the siphon on the first chamber is radially outward of the siphon outlet on the second chamber. The first chamber is emptied to a level equivalent to the radial…

Dried chemical compositions

Granted: June 26, 2001
Patent Number: 6251684
The present invention provides dried chemical compositions comprising dried beads. Typically, the beads comprise reagents suitable for analysis of biological samples, in particular analysis of blood samples in centrifugal analyzers.