Dolby Laboratories Patent Applications

METHOD TO IMPROVE THE CONTRAST RATIO IN A THEATRE

Granted: August 10, 2017
Application Number: 20170225093
A light absorbing configuration for a venue in which images are projected to a display screen located at or near a front of the venue, may comprise a light absorbing structure deployed on one or more front portions on one or more of a ceiling, side walls, or a floor of the venue. The light absorbing structure comprises grooves formed at least in part by a first type of light reflective surfaces configured to receive a portion of light rays directly reflected off the display screen and a…

LASER-MACHINED OPTICAL COMPONENTS AND RELATED METHODS FOR PICK AND BOND ASSEMBLY

Granted: August 3, 2017
Application Number: 20170219743
Methods and systems for optical assemblies are disclosed. Optical assemblies can comprise optical elements that may not require active alignment and allow for reduced performance variations. To allow for passive assembly with a machine like a bonder tool, assembly components can have bonding pads and/or fiducial markers that are fabricated using laser micromachining techniques.

Custom PSFs Using Clustered Light Sources

Granted: August 3, 2017
Application Number: 20170219879
Light sources of a backlight are configured to customize the shape of light emitted from the clusters. The clusters are activated as a unit and modulated as to brightness, but of the customized shape. All clusters can have a similar customized PSF, or the customization of each cluster may be varied in real time. Real time changes of a clusters PSF may be based, for example, an image or a region of the image to be displayed using the clusters.

BLOCK-BASED CONTENT-ADAPTIVE RESHAPING FOR HIGH DYNAMIC RANGE IMAGES

Granted: August 3, 2017
Application Number: 20170221189
A processor for signal reshaping receives an input image with an input bit depth. Block-based standard deviations are computed. The input codewords are divided into codeword bins and each bin is assigned a standard deviation value. For each bin, a standard deviation to bit-depth function is applied to the bin values to generate minimal bit depth values for each codeword bin. An output codeword mapping function is generated based on the input bit depth, a target bit depth, and the minimal…

COLOR DISPLAY BASED ON SPATIAL CLUSTERING

Granted: August 3, 2017
Application Number: 20170221427
A color display has a monochrome modulator. An active area of the modulator is illuminated by an array of light sources. The light sources include light sources of three or more colors. The intensities of the light sources may be adjusted to project desired luminance patterns on an active area of the modulator. In a fast field sequential method different colors are projected sequentially. The modulator is set to modulate the projected luminance patterns to display a desired image. In a…

DECODING OF ENCODED AUDIO BITSTREAM WITH METADATA CONTAINER LOCATED IN RESERVED DATA SPACE

Granted: August 3, 2017
Application Number: 20170221496
Apparatus and methods for generating an encoded audio bitstream, including by including program loudness metadata and audio data in the bitstream, and optionally also program boundary metadata in at least one segment (e.g., frame) of the bitstream. Other aspects are apparatus and methods for decoding such a bitstream, e.g., including by performing adaptive loudness processing of the audio data of an audio program indicated by the bitstream, or authentication and/or validation of metadata…

AUDIO SIGNAL LOUDNESS CONTROL

Granted: August 3, 2017
Application Number: 20170222611
Example embodiments disclosed herein relate to audio signal loudness control. A method for controlling loudness of an audio signal is disclosed. The method includes responsive to determining presence of a noise signal, deriving a target partial loudness adjustment based, at least in part, on at least one of a first factor related to the noise signal and a second factor related to the audio signal. The method further includes determining a target partial loudness of the audio signal…

User Experience Oriented Audio Signal Processing

Granted: August 3, 2017
Application Number: 20170223456
Example embodiments disclosed herein relate to user experience oriented audio signal processing. There is provided a method for user experience oriented audio signal processing. The method includes obtaining a first audio signal from an audio sensor of an electronic device; computing, based on the first audio signal, a compensation factor for an acoustic path from the electronic device to a listener and applying the compensation factor to a second audio signal outputted from the…

Processing Spatially Diffuse or Large Audio Objects

Granted: August 3, 2017
Application Number: 20170223476
Diffuse or spatially large audio objects may be identified for special processing. A decorrelation process may be performed on audio signals corresponding to the large audio objects to produce decorrelated large audio object audio signals. These decorrelated large audio object audio signals may be associated with object locations, which may be stationary or time-varying locations. For example, the decorrelated large audio object audio signals may be rendered to virtual or actual speaker…

Combined Active Noise Cancellation and Noise Compensation in Headphone

Granted: July 27, 2017
Application Number: 20170213540
The disclosure relates to combined active noise cancellation and noise compensation in a headphone. An audio processing device includes a selector and a noise compensation unit. The selector can select one of a plurality of first transfer functions based on at least one feature of at least one of an external noise and a content audio signal representing a sound to be reproduced through the headphone. The noise compensation unit can compute a second audio signal by applying the selected…

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR NON-DESTRUCTIVELY NORMALIZING LOUDNESS OF AUDIO SIGNALS WITHIN PORTABLE DEVICES

Granted: July 27, 2017
Application Number: 20170213566
Many portable playback devices cannot decode and playback encoded audio content having wide bandwidth and wide dynamic range with consistent loudness and intelligibility unless the encoded audio content has been prepared specially for these devices. This problem can be overcome by including with the encoded content some metadata that specifies a suitable dynamic range compression profile by either absolute values or differential values relative to another known compression profile. A…

CONTENT-ADAPTIVE RESHAPING FOR HIGH DYNAMIC RANGE IMAGES

Granted: July 27, 2017
Application Number: 20170214916
A processor for forward reshaping to a target bit depth receives an input image with an input bit depth. The input luminance range is divided into luminance bands and each band is assigned a visual importance index. The output codewords at the target bit depth are divided into codeword bins and each bin is assigned to one of the luminance bands. Each codeword bin is assigned the visual importance index of the luminance band it belongs. Each bin is allocated a number of reshaped codewords…

ENCODING, DECODING, AND REPRESENTING HIGH DYNAMIC RANGE IMAGES

Granted: July 27, 2017
Application Number: 20170214917
Techniques are provided to encode and decode image data comprising a tone mapped (TM) image with HDR reconstruction data in the form of luminance ratios and color residual values. In an example embodiment, luminance ratio values and residual values in color channels of a color space are generated on an individual pixel basis based on a high dynamic range (HDR) image and a derivative tone-mapped (TM) image that comprises one or more color alterations that would not be recoverable from the…

AUDIO OBJECT EXTRACTION WITH SUB-BAND OBJECT PROBABILITY ESTIMATION

Granted: July 27, 2017
Application Number: 20170215019
Embodiments of the example embodiment relate to audio object extraction. A method for audio object extraction from audio content is disclosed. The method comprises determining a sub-band object probability for a sub-band of the audio signal in a frame of the audio content, the sub-band object probability indicating a probability of the sub-band of the audio signal containing an audio object. The method further comprises splitting the sub-band of the audio signal into an audio object…

System and Method for Adaptive Audio Signal Generation, Coding and Rendering

Granted: July 27, 2017
Application Number: 20170215020
Embodiments are described for an adaptive audio system that processes audio data comprising a number of independent monophonic audio streams. One or more of the streams has associated with it metadata that specifies whether the stream is a channel-based or object-based stream. Channel-based streams have rendering information encoded by means of channel name; and the object-based streams have location information encoded through location expressions encoded in the associated metadata. A…

DECOMPOSING AUDIO SIGNALS

Granted: July 20, 2017
Application Number: 20170206907
Example embodiments disclosed herein relate to signal processing. A method for decomposing a plurality of audio signals from at least two different channels is disclosed. The method comprises obtaining a set of components that are weakly correlated, the set of components generated based on the plurality of audio signals. The method comprises extracting a feature from the set of components, and determining a set of gains associated with the set of components at least in part based on the…

High Frequency Regeneration of an Audio Signal with Phase Adjustment

Granted: July 20, 2017
Application Number: 20170206909
According to an aspect of the present invention, a method for reconstructing an audio signal having a baseband portion and a highband portion is disclosed. The method includes obtaining a decoded baseband audio signal by decoding an encoded audio signal and obtaining a plurality of subband signals by filtering the decoded baseband audio signal. The method further includes generating a high-frequency reconstructed signal by copying a number of consecutive subband signals of the plurality…

REPLAYING CONTENT OF A VIRTUAL MEETING

Granted: July 20, 2017
Application Number: 20170208105
A method of facilitating the re-joining of a virtual meeting by a participant. The method comprises determining at what time the participant was disconnected from the virtual meeting; and determining whether or not the participant was talking within a time period containing the time at which the participant was disconnected from the virtual meeting. If it is determined that the participant was talking within the time period, then, consequently, the method comprises deciding not to enable…

Passive and Active Virtual Height Filter Systems for Upward Firing Drivers

Granted: July 20, 2017
Application Number: 20170208392
Embodiments are directed to a virtual height filter for use with or in an upward-firing speaker system that reflects sound off a ceiling to a listening location at a distance from a speaker, and that provides height cues to reproduce audio objects that have overhead audio components. A virtual height filter based on a directional hearing model is applied to the upward-firing driver signal to improve the perception of height for audio signals transmitted by the virtual height speaker to…

Method of Rendering One or More Captured Audio Soundfields to a Listener

Granted: July 20, 2017
Application Number: 20170208409
A computer implemented system for rendering captured audio soundfields to a listener comprises apparatus to deliver the audio soundfields to the listener. The delivery apparatus delivers the audio soundfields to the listener with first and second audio elements perceived by the listener as emanating from first and second virtual source locations, respectively, and with the first audio element and/or the second audio element delivered to the listener from a third virtual source location.…