Dolby Laboratories Patent Applications

Audio Segmentation Based on Spatial Metadata

Granted: February 16, 2017
Application Number: 20170047071
A method of encoding adaptive audio, comprising receiving N objects and associated spatial metadata that describes the continuing motion of these objects, and partitioning the audio into segments based on the spatial metadata. The method encodes adaptive audio having objects and channel beds by capturing a continuing motion of a number N objects in a time-varying matrix trajectory comprising a sequence of matrices, coding coefficients of the time-varying matrix trajectory in spatial…

Matrix Decomposition for Rendering Adaptive Audio Using High Definition Audio Codecs

Granted: February 16, 2017
Application Number: 20170048639
A method of decomposing a matrix of dimension L-by-N, where L is less than or equal to N, into a sequence of N-by-N unit primitive matrices and a permutation matrix comprising a sequence that is the product of the primitive matrices and the permutation matrix, containing L rows that are substantially close to the provided L-by-N matrix, where the choice of the permutation matrix and the indices of the non-trivial rows in the primitive matrices are chosen to limit the coefficient values…

Image Range Expansion Control Methods And Apparatus

Granted: February 9, 2017
Application Number: 20170039690
Image data is adjusted for display on a target display. Maximum safe expansions for one or more attributes of the image data are compared to maximum available expansions for the attributes. An amount of expansion is selected that does not exceed either of the maximum safe expansion and the maximum available expansion. Artifacts caused by over expansion may be reduced or avoided.

Locally Dimmed Quantum Dot Display

Granted: February 9, 2017
Application Number: 20170039963
Dual modulator displays are disclosed incorporating a phosphorescent plate interposed in the optical path between a light source modulation layer and a display modulation layer. Spatially modulated light output from the light source modulation layer impinges on the phosphorescent plate and excites corresponding regions of the phosphorescent plate which in turn emit light having different spectral characteristics than the light output from the light source modulation layer. Light emitted…

System and Method to Enhance Speakers Connected to Devices with Microphones

Granted: February 9, 2017
Application Number: 20170041724
Embodiments are described for calibrating a speaker in a device having a microphone by inputting an original audio signal to a processing component and an output stage of the device for playback through the speakers, receiving playback sound output from the speakers through the microphone to generate a microphone signal, and inputting the microphone signal into the processing component to calibrate the speakers for optimal playback of the original audio signal, wherein the processing…

JITTER BUFFER CONTROL BASED ON MONITORING OF DELAY JITTER AND CONVERSATIONAL DYNAMICS

Granted: February 2, 2017
Application Number: 20170034026
Some implementations involve analyzing audio packets received during a time interval that corresponds with a conversation analysis segment to determine network jitter dynamics data and conversational interactivity data. The network jitter dynamics data may provide an indication of jitter in a network that relays the audio data packets. The conversational interactivity data may provide an indication of interactivity between participants of a conversation represented by the audio data. A…

ACOUSTO-OPTIC BEAM STEERING MODULATOR FOR A PROJECTION SYSTEM

Granted: February 2, 2017
Application Number: 20170034486
An Acoustic-Optic A/O device receives light from a source and deflecting the light onto the second A/O device which may be a multi-stacked set of individual A/O devices. The first and second devices may deflected light according to control signals. Also, a multi-modulator projector display system including a light source, controller, an A/O modulator illuminated by the light source and capable of deflecting light according to controller signals, a second modulator illuminated by light…

WEIGHTED MULTI-BAND CROSS COLOR CHANNEL PREDICTOR

Granted: February 2, 2017
Application Number: 20170034521
A sequence of visual dynamic range (VDR) images is encoded using a standard dynamic range (SDR) base layer and one or more enhancement layers. A predicted VDR image is generated from an SDR input by using a weighted, multi-band, cross-color channel prediction model. Exponential weights with an adaptable decay parameter for each band are also presented.

HIGH DYNAMIC RANGE DISPLAYS HAVING WIDE COLOR GAMUT AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Granted: January 26, 2017
Application Number: 20170024906
Several embodiments of display systems that have wide color gamut performance are disclosed herein. In one embodiment, a display system comprises a plurality of emitters, said emitters emanating light into an optical path; a first modulator, said first modulator comprising a plurality of colored subpixels and wherein said first modulator transmitting light emanating from said emitters in said optical path; and a color notch filter, said color notch filter placed in said optical path for…

Backlight Control and Display Mapping for High Dynamic Range Images

Granted: January 26, 2017
Application Number: 20170025074
Systems and methods are disclosed for dynamically adjusting the backlight of a display during video playback or for generating filtered video metadata. Given an input video stream and associated metadata values of minimum, average, or maximum luminance values of the video frames in the video stream, values of a function of the frame min, mid, or max luminance values are filtered using a temporal filter to generate a filtered output value for each frame. At least one filtering coefficient…

RAPID ESTIMATION OF EFFECTIVE ILLUMINANCE PATTERNS FOR PROJECTED LIGHT FIELDS

Granted: January 26, 2017
Application Number: 20170025076
Apparatus and methods are provided that employ one or more of a variety of techniques for reducing the time required to display high resolution images on a high dynamic range display having a light source layer and a display layer. In one technique, the image resolution is reduced, an effective luminance pattern is determined for the reduced resolution image, and the resolution of the effective luminance pattern is then increased to the resolution of the—display layer. In another…

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DECODING AN AUDIO SOUNDFIELD REPRESENTATION FOR AUDIO PLAYBACK

Granted: January 26, 2017
Application Number: 20170025127
Soundfield signals such as e.g. Ambisonics carry a representation of a desired sound field. The Ambisonics format is based on spherical harmonic decomposition of the soundfield, and Higher Order Ambisonics (HOA) uses spherical harmonics of at least 2nd order. However, commonly used loudspeaker setups are irregular and lead to problems in decoder design. A method for improved decoding an audio soundfield representation for audio playback comprises calculating a panning function (W) using…

VOLUME LEVELER CONTROLLER AND CONTROLLING METHOD

Granted: January 26, 2017
Application Number: 20170026017
Volume leveler controller and controlling method are disclosed. In one embodiment, A volume leveler controller includes an audio content classifier for identifying the content type of an audio signal in real time; and an adjusting unit for adjusting a volume leveler in a continuous manner based on the content type as identified. The adjusting unit may configured to positively correlate the dynamic gain of the volume leveler with informative content types of the audio signal, and…

JITTER BUFFER LEVEL ESTIMATION

Granted: January 26, 2017
Application Number: 20170026298
Some implementations involve controlling a jitter buffer size during a teleconference according to a jitter buffer size estimation algorithm based, at least in part, on a cumulative distribution function (CDF). The CDF may be based, at least in part, on a network jitter parameter. The CDF may be initialized according to a parametric model. At least one parameter of the parametric model may be based, at least in part, on legacy network jitter information.

REFLECTED SOUND RENDERING USING DOWNWARD FIRING DRIVERS

Granted: January 26, 2017
Application Number: 20170026750
Embodiments are directed to speakers and circuits that reflect sound off a wall surface (114) to a listening location at a distance from a speaker. The reflected sound (103) provides direct audio cues to reproduce audio objects that have direct audio components without the need for direct firing speakers. The speaker comprises sideward firing drivers (108) to reflect sound off of the wall surface (114) and represents a virtual direct speaker (116). A virtual direct filter is applied to…

Audio Playback System Monitoring

Granted: January 26, 2017
Application Number: 20170026766
In some embodiments, a method for monitoring speakers within an audio playback system (e.g., movie theater) environment. In typical embodiments, the monitoring method assumes that initial characteristics of the speakers (e.g., a room response for each of the speakers) have been determined at an initial time, and relies on one or more microphones positioned in the environment to perform a status check on each of the speakers to identify whether a change to at least one characteristic of…

Audio Signal Processing

Granted: January 26, 2017
Application Number: 20170026771
Embodiments of the present invention relate to audio signal processing. Specifically, a method for processing audio signal is provided, the method comprising: determining, for a current frame of the audio signal, frequency band energies for a plurality of predefined frequency bands at least partially based on frequency parameters of the current frame; generating frequency band gains for the plurality of predefined frequency bands by processing the frequency band energies; and generating…

Optical Mixing and Shaping System for Display Backlights and Displays Incorporating the Same

Granted: January 19, 2017
Application Number: 20170019646
A backlight for a display comprises a plurality of independently controllable light sources and inclined surfaces inclining in a radially outward direction from each light source for shaping the distribution of emitted light. The light sources may each comprise a group of differently-colored light emitters. The backlight may include light integrators configured to mix light of the differently-colored light emitters. Inclined surfaces for shaping the distribution of emitted light may be…

Layer Decomposition in Hierarchical VDR Coding

Granted: January 19, 2017
Application Number: 20170019670
Techniques use multiple lower bit depth (e.g., 8 bits) codecs to provide higher bit depth (e.g., 12+ bits) high dynamic range images from an upstream device to a downstream device. Multiple layers comprising a base layer and one or more enhancement layers may be used to carry video signals comprising image data compressed by lower bit depth encoders to a downstream device, wherein the base layer cannot be decoded and viewed on its own. Lower bit depth input image data to base layer…

LASER LOCAL DIMMING FOR PROJECTORS AND OTHER LIGHTING DEVICES INCLUDING CINEMA, ENTERTAINMENT SYSTEMS, AND DISPLAYS

Granted: January 12, 2017
Application Number: 20170013257
Light from an array of laser light sources are spread to cover the modulating face of a DMD or other modulator. The spread may be performed, for example, by a varying curvature array of lenslets, each laser light directed at one of the lenslets. Light from neighboring and/or nearby light sources overlap at a modulator. The lasers are energized at different energy/brightness levels causing the light illuminating the modulator to itself be modulated (locally dimmed). The modulator then…