Intuitive Surgical Patent Applications

METHOD OF DETERMINING THE SHAPE OF A BENDABLE INSTRUMENT

Granted: September 7, 2017
Application Number: 20170251905
A method for determining a shape of a bendable instrument can include placing the bendable instrument in a neutral position; moving a first control element a first amount until slack is removed from the first control element; moving a second control element a second amount until slack is removed from the second control element; sensing a position of the first control element after moving the first control element the first amount, the sensed position of the first control element being…

SURGICAL PATIENT SIDE CART WITH STEERING INTERFACE

Granted: September 7, 2017
Application Number: 20170253270
A patient side cart for a teleoperated surgical system can include one or more wheels positioned to support the cart for wheeled motion on a ground surface, at least one manipulator portion for holding a surgical instrument, a steering interface having a grasping portion and comprising a sensor positioned to sense turning, fore, and aft forces exerted on the grasping portion to move the cart, wherein the sensor is in signal communication with a drive control system of the patient side…

FORCE TRANSMISSION MECHANISM FOR SURGICAL INSTRUMENT, AND RELATED SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Granted: August 17, 2017
Application Number: 20170231703
A force transmission mechanism for a surgical instrument includes a worm drive, a lever arm, and an actuation element. The lever arm may include a follower member at a first end of the lever arm. The follower member engages the worm drive and is configured to be driven by the worm drive. The actuation element is connected the lever arm. The actuation element is configured to transmit force to actuate an end effector of the surgical instrument. Rotational movement of the worm drive…

TOOL POSITION AND IDENTIFICATION INDICATOR DISPLAYED IN A BOUNDARY AREA OF A COMPUTER DISPLAY SCREEN

Granted: July 27, 2017
Application Number: 20170209232
An endoscope captures images of a surgical site for display in a viewing area of a monitor. When a tool is outside the viewing area, a GUI indicates the position of the tool by positioning a symbol in a boundary area around the viewing area so as to indicate the tool position. The distance of the out-of-view tool from the viewing area may be indicated by the size, color, brightness, or blinking or oscillation frequency of the symbol. A distance number may also be displayed on the symbol.…

TOOL POSITION AND IDENTIFICATION INDICATOR DISPLAYED IN A BOUNDARY AREA OF A COMPUTER DISPLAY SCREEN

Granted: July 27, 2017
Application Number: 20170210012
An endoscope captures images of a surgical site for display in a viewing area of a monitor. When a tool is outside the viewing area, a GUI indicates the position of the tool by positioning a symbol in a boundary area around the viewing area so as to indicate the tool position. The distance of the out-of-view tool from the viewing area may be indicated by the size, color, brightness, or blinking or oscillation frequency of the symbol. A distance number may also be displayed on the symbol.…

SURGICAL INSTRUMENT CONTROL

Granted: July 6, 2017
Application Number: 20170189049
A computer-controlled surgical system may include a surgical instrument having a working end, the working end having a moveable mechanical component, and movement of the mechanical component performing a clamping and cutting function by the working end. The surgical system may further include a computer control system operably coupled to the surgical instrument and to first and second input devices. In response to a first command received from the first input device, the computer control…

LIMITED MOVEMENT OF A SURGICAL MOUNTING PLATFORM CONTROLLED BY MANUAL MOTION OF ROBOTIC ARMS

Granted: June 29, 2017
Application Number: 20170181801
Robotic and/or surgical devices, systems, and methods include kinematic linkage structures and associated control systems configured to facilitate preparation of the system for use. One or more kinematic linkage sub-systems may include joints that are actively driven, passive, or a mix of both, and may employ a set-up mode in which one or more of the joints are actively driven in response to manual articulation of one or more other joints of the kinematic chain. In an exemplary…

SURGICAL INSTRUMENT WITH MOTOR

Granted: June 29, 2017
Application Number: 20170181804
A method of operating an end effector of a surgical instrument includes supplying voltage to a motor disposed in a transmission mechanism of a surgical instrument having a shaft and an end effector at a distal end of the shaft; moving a component of the end effector between a first position and a second position via a drive system coupled to the motor; and placing a limit switch in a first state during moving of the end effector component, and in a second state when the end effector…

Endoscope with Distal Hermetically Sealed Sensor

Granted: June 22, 2017
Application Number: 20170172394
In one embodiment, an endoscopic camera for a robotic surgical system includes a stereo camera module mounted to a robotic arm of a patient side cart. The optical and electro-optic components of the camera module are hermetically sealed within a first housing. Signals from an electro-optic component travel through traces in a ceramic substrate forming one side of the hermetically sealed first housing. A second housing surrounds the first housing and optical fibers are dispersed between…

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ALIGNING WITH A REFERENCE TARGET

Granted: June 22, 2017
Application Number: 20170172670
A system and method of aligning with a reference target includes a computer-assisted medical device. The computer-assisted medical device includes an orientation platform, one or more first joints proximal to the orientation platform, one or more second joints distal to the orientation platform, one or more links distal to the orientation platform, a reference instrument coupled to the orientation platform by the second joints and the links; and a control unit coupled to the first joints…

Surgical Instrument with Shiftable Transmission

Granted: June 22, 2017
Application Number: 20170172672
A surgical tool having an elongated shaft having a proximal end and distal end. A surgical end effector is located about the distal end. The surgical end effector has a plurality of effector mechanisms comprising a plurality of degree of freedoms. An effector body is located at the proximal end. The effector body includes a plurality of motor interfaces for driving the plurality of effector mechanisms. A transmission is coupled to the effector body.

GUIDED SETUP FOR TELEOPERATED MEDICAL DEVICE

Granted: June 22, 2017
Application Number: 20170172674
A teleoperational medical system for performing a medical procedure in a surgical field includes a dynamic guided setup system having step-by-step setup instructions for setting up a teleoperational assembly having at least one motorized surgical arm configured to assist in a surgical procedure. It also includes a user interface configured to communicate the step-by-step setup instructions to a user. The dynamic guided setup system is configured to automatically recognize completion of a…

MEDICAL DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS USING EYE GAZE TRACKING

Granted: June 22, 2017
Application Number: 20170172675
Described herein is a teleoperational medical system for performing a medical procedure in a surgical field. The teleoperational system comprises an eye tracking unit and a control unit. The eye tracking unit includes an image display configured to display to a user an image of the surgical field, at least one eye tracker configured to measure data about a gaze point of the user, and a processor configured to process the data to determine a viewing location in the displayed image at…

SURGICAL INSTRUMENT SHAFT

Granted: June 22, 2017
Application Number: 20170172677
A surgical instrument may include a shaft, a force transmission mechanism, and an end effector. The shaft may have a proximal end and a distal end. The force transmission mechanism may be coupled to the proximal end of the shaft. The end effector may be coupled to the distal end of the shaft. The shaft may include a body having an outer surface and an inner surface. The inner surface may surround a lumen configured to receive a drive member that extends through the lumen. The outer…

MEDICAL ROBOTIC SYSTEM PROVIDING SENSORY FEEDBACK INDICATING A DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A COMMANDED STATE AND A PREFERRED POSE OF AN ARTICULATED INSTRUMENT

Granted: June 22, 2017
Application Number: 20170173788
A medical robotic system includes an entry guide with articulated instruments extending out of its distal end. A controller is configured to command manipulation of one of the articulated instruments towards a state commanded by operator manipulation of an input device while commanding sensory feedback to the operator indicating a difference between the commanded state and a preferred pose of the articulated instrument, so that the sensory feedback serves to encourage the operator to…

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MOTOR TORQUE COMPENSATION

Granted: June 22, 2017
Application Number: 20170179857
A method for torque compensation of a motor associated with a medical instrument includes determining a torque profile for a motor, the torque profile defining torque output as a function of rotor angle and during operation of the motor, compensating for deviations in the torque profile by adjusting an input signal to the motor, the compensating being based on the torque profile and rotor position.

SURGICAL SYSTEM WITH VARIABLE ENTRY GUIDE CONFIGURATIONS

Granted: June 8, 2017
Application Number: 20170156803
A surgical system uses a single entry port in a wide variety of surgeries. To insert multiple surgical instruments into a patient through a single entry port requires that the shaft (262A1) of at least one (260A1) of the surgical instruments be bent between the base of the surgical instrument (260A1) and the point where the shaft contacts a channel in an entry guide (270A). Each surgical instrument (260A1, 260A2) is positioned by an instrument manipulator positioning system (231A) so…

THREE-DIMENSIONAL TARGET DEVICES, ASSEMBLIES AND METHODS FOR CALIBRATING AN ENDOSCOPIC CAMERA

Granted: May 11, 2017
Application Number: 20170127912
The present disclosure relates to calibration target devices, assemblies and methods for use with imaging systems, such as a stereoscopic endoscope. A calibration assembly includes: a target surface extends in three dimensions with calibration markers and a body with an interface that engages an endoscope so the markers are within the field of view. A first calibration marker extends along a first plane of the target surface and a second marker extends along a second plane of the target…

USER SELECTION OF ROBOTIC SYSTEM OPERATING MODES USING MODE DISTINGUISHING OPERATOR ACTIONS

Granted: May 11, 2017
Application Number: 20170129108
A robotic system has a plurality of user selectable operating modes. To select one of the operating modes, a user performs a distinguishing action which uniquely identifies a desired operating mode among the plurality of user selectable operating modes. A method implemented by a processor in the robotic system identifies the distinguishing action and places the robotic system in the user selected operating mode.

MECHANICAL WRIST JOINTS WITH ENHANCED RANGE OF MOTION, AND RELATED DEVICES AND METHODS

Granted: May 4, 2017
Application Number: 20170120457
A wrist joint, such as for a surgical instrument, may include a first disc, a second disc adjacent the first disc, and a drive tendon that extends through the first disc and the second disc. The first disc and the second disc may include respective opposing joint features that intermesh with one another. The first disc and the second disc may further include opposing load bearing surfaces separate from the joint features. The drive tendon may exert a force on at least one of the first…