Linear Technology Patent Grants

Powered device, using power over ethernet, with dedicated low current and high current paths for loads

Granted: January 17, 2017
Patent Number: 9547318
In a method performed by a Power Over Ethernet (PoE) system, Power Sourcing Equipment (PSE) provides data and voltage over Ethernet wires to a Powered Device (PD). The PD converts the PSE voltage to a regulated voltage by at least one DC-DC converter in the PD. A first load in the PD, such as a processor, operates in a standby mode during a standby period and draws a low current from the converter via a low current path. During this standby period, a high current load in the PD is…

Power over ethernet power sourcing equipment provides low voltage output for increased efficiency in low power mode

Granted: January 3, 2017
Patent Number: 9535437
In a PoE system in an automobile, Power Source Equipment (PSE) is connected to Powered Devices (PDs) to provide data and power via Ethernet wires. When the ignition switch is on, the full PSE voltage, such as 44 volts, is supplied to the PDs, and the voltage is regulated by the PDs to power one or more loads in the PD. During a standby mode, such as when the ignition switch is off, the PSE is controlled to output a lower voltage of, for example, 5 volts, and the voltage is regulated by…

Driver for wireless power transmitter sensing required transmit power for optimum efficiency

Granted: December 20, 2016
Patent Number: 9524824
An auto-resonant driver for a transmitter inductor drives the inductor at an optimal frequency for maximum efficiency. The transmitter inductor is magnetically coupled, but not physically coupled, to a receiver inductor, and the current generated by the receiver inductor is used to power a load. The system may be used, for example, to remotely charge a battery (as part of the load) or provide power to motors or circuits. A feedback circuit is used to generate the resonant driving…

Inductor current sensing in a buck converter using multiple filters

Granted: December 20, 2016
Patent Number: 9525351
In a current mode switching power supply, current through the inductor needs to be sensed to control the peak current. The inductor current includes a DC component and an AC component containing switching noise. To reduce the switching noise, the actual inductor current is sensed to generate a signal, and a first AC component is attenuated by a first RC circuit while not attenuating a first DC component. A second AC component is derived by applying the rectangular wave switch voltage,…

Radio receiver

Granted: November 15, 2016
Patent Number: 9496840
A baseband signal-conditioning architecture applicable to radio receivers uses switched-capacitor techniques to provide high-performance signal conditioning in low-voltage, deep-submicron processes (e.g., 65 nm and below). In the architecture, a first mixer is coupled to an antenna receiving the signal, and outputs a first mixer output signal based on the signal received by the antenna. A buffer coupled to an output of the first mixer outputs a buffer signal based on the first mixer…

Power over Ethernet system where power sourcing equipment detects actual voltage at powered device

Granted: November 8, 2016
Patent Number: 9488997
A Power Over Ethernet (PoE) system, or other power over data lines system, includes Power Sourcing Equipment (PSE) providing combined data and voltage over wires to a Powered Device (PD). Since cable length and PD load currents may not be known, there is a variable voltage drop along the cable between the PSE and PD. Prior to the PD being fully powered up, a test is performed by the PSE to determine the actual resistance or voltage drop of the cable, and the results are stored in a…

Switched capacitor DC-DC converter with reduced in-rush current and fault protection

Granted: November 1, 2016
Patent Number: 9484799
To reduce in-rush currents into a switched capacitor DC/DC converter and detect voltage and current faults, a converter controller is housed along with a current limit series transistor and fault detection circuitry. The series transistor is controlled to limit the in-rush current to a predetermined maximum level during start-up. If the duration of the current limit level, or the time for Vout to achieve a target voltage, exceeds a first threshold time, a first fault detector in the…

Power supply system and method

Granted: October 25, 2016
Patent Number: 9478982
A power control system includes an event data bus configured to carry event information. Several power supply managers are coupled to the same event bus. Each power supply manager has one or more point of load (POL) regulators assigned to it. Each power supply manager communicates event information with other POL power supply managers over the event data bus.

Phase error compensation circuit

Granted: October 25, 2016
Patent Number: 9479142
A method and system of compensating for phase error. A phase error compensation circuit is configured to generate a phase-corrected quadrature Q output signal and a corresponding phase-corrected in-phase I output signal, the circuit includes a first transconductance circuit configured to convert a voltage signal related to an I input voltage signal to an I current signal. A second transconductance circuit is configured to convert a voltage signal related to a Q input signal to a Q…

Configuring signal-processing systems

Granted: October 18, 2016
Patent Number: 9472304
A configurable signal-processing circuit may provide a plurality of selectable signal-processing operations. The configurable signal-processing circuit may have a configuration circuit that provides a configuration code that selects a first signal-processing operation from the plurality of selectable signal-processing operations based on a timing pattern for evaluating an input signal and outputting an output signal.

Controller area network bus transmitter with complementary source follower driver

Granted: October 11, 2016
Patent Number: 9467303
A Controller Area Network (CAN) driver (a transmitter) includes a conventional main driver having an open drain first driver MOSFET, for pulling up a first conductor of a bus in a dominant state, and an open drain second driver MOSFET, for pulling down a second conductor of the bus in the dominant state. Since it is difficult to perfectly match the driver MOSFET characteristics for conducting exactly equal currents during turning on and turning off, significant common mode fluctuations…

LDO regulator powered by its regulated output voltage for high PSRR

Granted: September 27, 2016
Patent Number: 9454168
In an LDO regulator, two feedback loops are created. The first feedback loop includes a high power PNP bipolar power transistor connected in series between the input voltage Vin terminal and the output voltage Vout terminal. The first feedback loop includes a first error amplifier that controls a drive transistor to drive the base of the power transistor such that Vout matches a set voltage Vset. This first feedback loop circuitry uses an operating voltage (the upper rail voltage) that…

Address translation in I2C data communications system

Granted: September 20, 2016
Patent Number: 9448960
A novel readdressing circuit is provided for supporting data communications over a data line and a clock line between at least one master device and multiple slave devices. For example, the master device and the multiple slave devices may be configured to communicate over an I2C bus including the data line and the clock line. The readdressing circuit has a data input node for receiving a data signal transferred over the data line and including an address word produced by the master…

Exposed, solderable heat spreader for integrated circuit packages

Granted: August 30, 2016
Patent Number: 9431319
An integrated circuit package may include a semiconductor die, a heat spreader, and encapsulation material. The semiconductor die may contain an electronic circuit and exposed electrical connections to the electronic circuit. The heat spreader may be thermally-conductive and may have a first outer surface and a second outer surface substantially parallel to the first outer surface. The first outer surface may be affixed to all portions of a silicon side of the semiconductor die in a…

PD in PoE system having redundant PSE channel inputs

Granted: August 16, 2016
Patent Number: 9419807
A Powered Device (PD) in a PoE system has two input channels, each being coupled to a separate Power Sourcing Equipment (PSE) for increased reliability. A first PD controller is coupled to the first channel to perform hand-shaking and closes a first Power Good (PWRGD) switch when the PoE voltage is detected on the first channel. A second PD controller is coupled to the second channel to perform hand-shaking and closes a second PWRGD switch when the PoE voltage is detected on the second…

System and method for providing programmable synchronous output delay in a clock generation or distribution device

Granted: July 19, 2016
Patent Number: 9397668
A clock frequency division circuit receives delay value, synchronization signal, and external clock signal of a given frequency. The clock division circuit includes (a) a decode circuit receiving delay value and providing set of initial count values; (b) one or more counters each receiving input clock signal derived from the external clock signal and providing frequency divided output signal having a frequency a fraction of the given frequency, and each receiving a corresponding one of…

Low-voltage analog variable gain amplifier with enhanced linearity

Granted: July 12, 2016
Patent Number: 9391577
In a variable gain amplifier, a base of a bipolar first transistor receives a first differential input signal. The emitter of the first transistor is connected in series between a first resistor and a MOSFET coupled to ground. An output of the amplifier is a current through the collector. The conductivity of the MOSFET controls a gain of the amplifier. A bipolar second transistor receives a second differential input signal, and the second transistor provides a modulated gate voltage to…

Rapid power up of Power Over Ethernet equipment system

Granted: June 28, 2016
Patent Number: 9377794
A Power Over Ethernet (PoE) system includes Power Sourcing Equipment (PSE) providing data and voltage over Ethernet wires to a Powered Device (PD). Instead of the conventional detection and classification routine being performed every time the system is powered up, the pertinent data to determine whether to apply PoE to the PD is stored in a memory in the PSE. The memory is accessed by a controller in the PSE when the PSE is powered up. Therefore, a time-consuming detection and…

Level-shifting amplifier

Granted: June 21, 2016
Patent Number: 9374050
A differential amplifier may, when connected to a positive or negative supply voltage and to a ground voltage, provide a differential pair of outputs signals at a differential output that are an amplification of a differential pair of input signals at a differential input. A differential input stage may receive the differential pair of input signals from the differential input and may include a first transistor associated with one of the input signals and a second transistor associated…

Converting time-encoded signal into analog output

Granted: June 21, 2016
Patent Number: 9374105
A converter may generate an analog output that is representative of a time-encoded signal. The circuit may include an input port receiving the time-encoded signal; a time-encoded to digital converter coupled to the input port; and a digital-to-analog converter coupled to the time-encoded to digital converter.