Power Integrations Patent Grants

Power converter output voltage clamp and supply terminal

Granted: April 18, 2017
Patent Number: 9627985
A secondary control circuit includes a voltage regulator circuit coupled to an output of the power converter to provide a regulated power supply. One or more switched loads are coupled between a first terminal and an output ground terminal. The first terminal is coupled to the output of the power converter. Each switched load is coupled to draw a respective current from a load current to clamp the output of a power converter. One or more comparator circuits are coupled to a second…

Rectifier with indicator switch

Granted: April 18, 2017
Patent Number: 9627991
This relates to a rectifier with indicator switch circuit that may be used in a power conversion system. The rectifier with indicator switch circuit may be configured to rectify an ac line voltage and output an indicator signal that is representative of a fault condition in the ac line voltage. The rectifier with indicator switch circuit may include a storage capacitor configured to be charged by the ac line voltage during a first half-cycle of the ac line voltage and a detection…

Thermal protection for LED bleeder in fault condition

Granted: April 18, 2017
Patent Number: 9629218
A bleeder circuit for use with a driver circuit having input circuitry that receives an ac input signal and outputs a rectified voltage signal at a positive terminal. The driver circuit further including converter and output circuitry operably coupled to a plurality of light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The bleeder circuit including a first resistor having a first terminal coupled to the positive terminal, and a heat sensor positioned to detect an increase in temperature of the first…

Method and apparatus to increase efficiency in a power factor correction circuit

Granted: April 11, 2017
Patent Number: 9618955
A power factor correction (PFC) controller includes a driver circuit coupled to vary the switching frequency of the power switch of the PFC converter in response to an input current of a PFC converter and an input voltage of the PFC converter, and to output a third signal to switch the power switch of the PFC converter to control the input current to substantially follow the input voltage. A frequency adjust circuit is coupled to receive an error voltage signal representative of an…

Storage time control

Granted: April 11, 2017
Patent Number: 9621050
A switch mode power converter (SMPC) includes a switching control system to control the turn off time delay of a switching device. The SMPC also has an inductive component including an input winding to receive power from an input and a switching device to conduct input winding current. The switching control system applies turn on and turn off signals to the switching device. The turn off signal initiates turning off of the switching device and a sensing signal from a further winding…

Single-stage power supply with power factor correction and constant current output

Granted: April 11, 2017
Patent Number: 9621057
A switched mode power converter includes a switch, an energy transfer element coupled to the switch, and a controller that includes a delayed ramp generator coupled to generate a delayed ramp signal, an input charge control signal generator coupled to generate an input charge control signal representative of an integral of an input current sense signal and a ratio of an input voltage sense signal to an output voltage sense signal, and a drive signal generator coupled to receive the…

Gate pullback at ends of high-voltage vertical transistor structure

Granted: March 21, 2017
Patent Number: 9601613
In one embodiment, a transistor includes a pillar of semiconductor material arranged in a racetrack-shaped layout having a substantially linear section that extends in a first lateral direction and rounded sections at each end of the substantially linear section. First and second dielectric regions are disposed on opposite sides of the pillar. First and second field plates are respectively disposed in the first and second dielectric regions. First and second gate members respectively…

Low voltage, closed loop controlled energy storage circuit

Granted: March 21, 2017
Patent Number: 9602009
An energy storage circuit for use with a power converter includes a base capacitor coupled between an input bus and a ground potential, and an adjust capacitor. A switching device is coupled in series with the adjust capacitor between the input bus and the ground potential. A voltage regulator coupled between a control terminal of the switching device and ground. The voltage regulator has an input coupled to the second internal node, wherein when the power switch is turned on a signal at…

Controller for a switch mode power converter

Granted: March 21, 2017
Patent Number: 9602013
A controller for controlling a power supply includes a feedback signal generator to generate a feedback signal representative of an output current in response to an output sense signal. A state selector circuit receives the feedback signal and outputs a digital state signal to set an operational state of a switch of the power supply. The state selector circuit adjusts the digital state signal in response to feedback information at an end of a feedback period. A driver circuit receives…

Input and output overvoltage protection in a power converter

Granted: February 28, 2017
Patent Number: 9584017
A controller for use in a power converter includes a gate drive circuit coupled to generate a control signal to switch a power switch of the power converter. A zero current detection circuit is coupled to a multifunction pin coupled to receive a multifunction signal that is representative of an input voltage of the power converter when the power switch is on, and representative of an output voltage of the power converter when the power switch is off. The zero current detection circuit is…

Power converter with winding communication

Granted: February 28, 2017
Patent Number: 9584027
A power converter includes an energy transfer element, a switched element, a secondary control circuit, a primary switching, and a primary control circuit. The secondary control circuit generates a voltage pulse across a secondary winding of the energy transfer element while the secondary winding provides current to an output. The secondary control circuit is coupled to vary a voltage across the switched element to generate the voltage pulse across the secondary winding in response to an…

Programming controller parameters through external terminals of a power converter

Granted: February 14, 2017
Patent Number: 9570988
This relates to systems and processes for programming parameters of a controller of a power converter. In one example, a predetermined signal may be applied to the input or output terminals of the power converter to unlock the controller and cause the controller to enter a programming mode. While in the programming mode, one or more additional predetermined signals may be applied to the terminals of the power converter to program one or more parameters of the controller. Once the desired…

Bleeder protection using thermal foldback

Granted: February 14, 2017
Patent Number: 9572224
Thermally protected bleeder circuits for maintaining an input current of a power converter above a dimmer circuit holding current are disclosed. In one example, a bleeder control circuit may generate a bleeder control signal to control a bleeder current of the bleeder circuit based on an input current signal and a temperature signal. The bleeder control circuit may cause the bleeder current to be substantially equal to zero in response to the input current signal being greater than or…

Vertical transistor device structure with cylindrically-shaped regions

Granted: January 10, 2017
Patent Number: 9543396
A vertical power transistor device includes a semiconductor layer of a first conductivity type, with a plurality of cylindrically-shaped dielectric regions disposed in the semiconductor layer. The cylindrically-shaped dielectric regions extend in a vertical direction from a top surface of the semiconductor layer downward. Adjacent ones of the cylindrically-shaped dielectric regions being laterally separated along a common diametrical axis by a narrow region of the semiconductor layer…

Integrated high performance lateral schottky diode

Granted: January 10, 2017
Patent Number: 9543402
A diode includes a two-dimensional electron gas formed in a heterojunction defined between first and second semiconductor material layers. First and second layers of insulating material are disposed on the second semiconductor layer. First and second electrodes are disposed in the second layer of insulating material. The first electrode is coupled to the second semiconductor material layer. The second electrode is coupled to the heterojunction. Third and fourth layers of insulating…

MOSFET driver with pulse timing pattern fault detection and adaptive safe operating area mode of operation

Granted: January 10, 2017
Patent Number: 9543821
A Safe Operating Area (SOA) adaptive gate driver for a switch mode power converter is disclosed. In response to a detection of a fault condition, the SOA adaptive gate driver may limit the peak current in a power transistor (e.g., power MOSFET) of the power converter by limiting the voltage applied to the gate of the power MOSFET or by limiting the current injected into the gate of the power MOSFET. The limited gate voltage or current may increase the margin between an SOA border and the…

Method and apparatus for sensing multiple voltage values from a single terminal of a power converter controller

Granted: January 10, 2017
Patent Number: 9543840
A controller includes a switching control coupled to switch a power switch of a power converter to regulate an output of the power converter. A sensor is coupled to receive a signal from a single terminal of the controller. The signal from the single terminal is representative of a line input voltage of the power converter during at least a portion of an on time of the power switch, and an output voltage of the power converter during at least a portion of an off time of the power switch.…

Generating a control signal based on leading edge dimming detection for maintaining input current of a power converter

Granted: January 10, 2017
Patent Number: 9543845
A power converter includes an energy transfer element, a power switch, a controller and a leading edge dimming detection circuit. The controller is coupled to control switching of the power switch to regulate the output of the power converter by controlling a transfer of energy through the energy transfer element. The leading edge dimming detection circuit is coupled to generate a control signal in response to detecting leading edge dimming at the input of the power converter. In one…

Power converter with power foldback

Granted: January 3, 2017
Patent Number: 9537405
A controller for use in a power converter includes a drive circuit coupled to control switching of a power switch of the power converter to regulate the output of the power converter. A limit sense circuit is coupled to output a limit sense signal in response to a condition of the power converter. The drive circuit is coupled to operate in a first operation mode if there is a no limit condition. The first operation mode includes regulating the output of the power converter with a…

Auxiliary recharge

Granted: December 27, 2016
Patent Number: 9531264
The present invention generally relates to powering a switching controller of a switch mode power converter (SMPC), and more particularly to a method of providing power to a switching controller of a SMPC, to a charging circuit for supplying charge to a charge store for providing power to a switching controller of a SMPC, and to an SMPC comprising such a circuit. A method of providing power to a switching controller of a switch mode power converter (SMPC), the SMPC having: an inductive…