Rambus Patent Grants

Memory with alternative command interfaces

Granted: August 15, 2017
Patent Number: 9734112
A memory device or module selects between alternative command ports. Memory systems with memory modules incorporating such memory devices support point-to-point connectivity and efficient interconnect usage for different numbers of modules. The memory devices and modules can be of programmable data widths. Devices on the same module can be configured select different command ports to facilitate memory threading. Modules can likewise be configured to select different command ports for the…

Process authenticated memory page encryption

Granted: August 15, 2017
Patent Number: 9734357
A memory controller encrypts contents of a page frame based at least in part on a frame key associated with the page frame. The memory controller generates a first encrypted version of the frame key based at least in part on a first process key associated with a first process, wherein the first encrypted version of the frame key is stored in a first memory table associated with the first process. The memory controller generates a second encrypted version of the frame key based at least…

Memory device comprising programmable command-and-address and/or data interfaces

Granted: August 15, 2017
Patent Number: 9734879
A memory device comprising a programmable command-and-address (CA) interface and/or a programmable data interface is described. In an operational mode, two or more CA interfaces may be active. In another operational mode, at least one, but not all, CA interfaces may be active. In an operational mode, all of the data interfaces may be active. In another operational mode, at least one, but not all, data interfaces may be active. The memory device can include circuitry to select: an…

Memory repair using external tags

Granted: August 15, 2017
Patent Number: 9734921
A memory device (100) includes an extra column (114) of repair memory tiles. These repair memory tiles are accessed at the same time, and in the same manner as the main array of memory tiles. The output of the repair column is substituted for the output of a column of the main array (112). The main array column that is substituted is determined by tags (121) stored externally to the memory device. The external tags are queried with a partial address of the access. If the address of the…

Jitter-based clock selection

Granted: August 15, 2017
Patent Number: 9735791
In a first clock frequency multiplier, multiple injection-locked oscillators (ILOs) having spectrally-staggered lock ranges are operated in parallel to effect a collective input frequency range substantially wider than that of a solitary ILO. After each input frequency change, the ILO output clocks may be evaluated according to one or more qualifying criteria to select one of the ILOs as the final clock source. In a second clock frequency multiplier, a flexible-injection-rate…

Integrated circuit comprising circuitry to determine settings for an injection-locked oscillator

Granted: August 15, 2017
Patent Number: 9735792
Embodiments of an integrated circuit (IC) comprising circuitry to determine settings for an injection-locked oscillator (ILO) are described. In some embodiments, an injection signal is generated based on a first clock edge of a reference clock signal, and is injected into an ILO. Next, one or more output signals of the ILO are sampled based on a second clock edge of the reference clock signal, and settings for the ILO are determined based on the samples. In some embodiments, a sequence…

Communication channel calibration using feedback

Granted: August 15, 2017
Patent Number: 9735898
A method for calibrating a communication channel coupling first and second components includes transmitting a data signal from the first component to the second component on the communication channel, and sensing a characteristic, such as phase, of the data signal on the second component. Information about the sensed characteristic is fed back to the first component using an auxiliary channel. An adjustable parameter, such as phase, for the transmitter is adjusted on the first component…

Memory controller for strobe-based memory systems

Granted: August 8, 2017
Patent Number: 9728247
An integrated circuit (IC) memory controller is disclosed. The memory controller includes a receiver to receive a strobe signal and provide an internal strobe signal. An adjustable delay circuit delays an enable signal to generate a delayed enable signal. A gate circuit generates a gated strobe signal using the delayed enable signal that masks transitions of the internal strobe signal that occur prior to a valid region of the internal strobe signal. A sample circuit samples data using…

On-die termination of address and command signals

Granted: August 1, 2017
Patent Number: 9721629
A system has a plurality of memory devices arranged in a fly-by topology, each having on-die termination (ODT) circuitry for connecting to an address and control (RQ) bus. The ODT circuitry of each memory device includes a set of one or more control registers for controlling on-die termination of one or more signal lines of the RQ bus. A first memory device includes a first set of one or more control registers storing a first ODT value, for controlling termination of one or more signal…

Strobe acquisition and tracking

Granted: August 1, 2017
Patent Number: 9721630
A memory controller includes an interface to receive a data strobe signal and corresponding read data. The data strobe signal and the read data correspond to a read command issued by the memory controller, and the read data is received in accordance with the data strobe signal and an enable signal. A circuit in the memory controller is to dynamically adjust a timing offset between the enable signal and the data strobe signal, and control logic is to issue a supplemental read command in…

Memory component with pattern register circuitry to provide data patterns for calibration

Granted: August 1, 2017
Patent Number: 9721642
A memory component includes a memory core comprising dynamic random access memory (DRAM) storage cells and a first circuit to receive external commands. The external commands include a read command that specifies transmitting data accessed from the memory core. The memory component also includes a second circuit to transmit data onto an external bus in response to a read command and pattern register circuitry operable during calibration to provide at least a first data pattern and a…

Digital calibration for multiphase oscillators

Granted: August 1, 2017
Patent Number: 9722539
A phase-locked loop circuit comprises a multi-phase oscillator having a plurality of coupled oscillators. A calibration module detects mismatches between frequency characteristics of the different oscillators in the phase-locked loop circuit during a calibration process. The calibration module then calibrates the various oscillators to compensate for the detected mismatch. Once calibrated, the phase-locked loop circuit can operate with little or no performance degradation despite the…

Memory device and repair method with column-based error code tracking

Granted: July 25, 2017
Patent Number: 9715424
A memory device is disclosed that includes a row of storage locations that form plural columns. The plural columns include data columns to store data and a tag column to store tag information associated with error locations in the data columns. Each data column is associated with an error correction location including an error code bit location. Logic retrieves and stores the tag information associated with the row in response to activation of the row. A bit error in an accessed data…

Calibration protocol for command and address bus voltage reference in low-swing single-ended signaling

Granted: July 25, 2017
Patent Number: 9715467
A single-ended receiver is coupled to an input-output (I/O) pin of a command and address (CA) bus. The receiver is configurable with dual-mode I/O support to operate the CA bus in a low-swing mode and a high-swing mode. The receiver is configurable to receive a first command on the I/O pin while in the high-swing mode, initiate calibration of the slave device to operate in the low-swing mode in response to the first command, switch the slave device to operate in the low-swing mode while…

Integrated circuit comprising fractional clock multiplication circuitry

Granted: July 25, 2017
Patent Number: 9716468
Circuitry capable of performing fractional clock multiplication by using an injection-locked oscillator is described. Some embodiments described herein perform fractional clock multiplication by periodically changing the injection location, from a set of injection locations, where the injection signal is injected and/or by periodically changing a phase, from a set of phases, of the injection signal that is injected into the ILO.

Deserialized dual-loop clock radio and data recovery circuit

Granted: July 25, 2017
Patent Number: 9716582
A clock and data recovery circuit (CDR) includes a digitally controlled oscillator (DCO). A data sampler is coupled to receive a clock signal from the DCO. A deserializer includes an input coupled to an output of the data sampler. A first phase detector is coupled between a first output of the deserializer and a first input of the DCO. A second phase detector is coupled to a second output of the deserializer. An accumulator is coupled between an output of the second phase detector and a…

Laser micromachining optical elements in a substrate

Granted: July 18, 2017
Patent Number: 9707641
Optical elements with small increments in average density are formed in a substrate by laser micromachining using a variable aperture and a pattern mask set of pattern masks each having of shape-defining elements whose density differs among the pattern masks in first density increments. A laser light beam passes through a combined mask formed by the variable aperture and one pattern mask selected from the pattern mask set. The variable aperture controls beam size and the pattern mask…

Drift tracking feedback for communication channels

Granted: July 18, 2017
Patent Number: 9710011
A memory controller having a data receiver to sample data at a sample timing using a strobe signal, wherein the data and the strobe signal are sent by a memory device in connection with a read operation initiated by the memory controller, and a strobe receiver to receive the strobe signal, wherein a phase of the strobe signal has a drift relative to a reference by an amount. The memory controller further having a monitoring circuit to monitor the strobe signal and determine the amount of…

Unsuccessful write retry buffer

Granted: July 18, 2017
Patent Number: 9710226
A memory module includes at least two memory devices. Each of the memory devices perform verify operations after attempted writes to their respective memory cores. When a write is unsuccessful, each memory device stores information about the unsuccessful write in an internal write retry buffer. The write operations may have only been unsuccessful for one memory device and not any other memory devices on the memory module. When the memory module is instructed, both memory devices on the…

Data independent periodic calibration using per-pin VREF correction technique for single-ended signaling

Granted: July 18, 2017
Patent Number: 9711239
A single-ended receiver includes an internal voltage generation circuit to set a first internal reference voltage (Vref). A model voltage generation circuit is configurable to receive an external reference voltage to be calibrated during an initial calibration. The model voltage generation circuit is configurable to track an offset value for voltage-temperature (VT) drift and the offset value is applied to the internal voltage generation circuit to calibrate the internal Vref during a…