Tesla Motors Patent Applications

CHARGING STATION PROVIDING THERMAL CONDITIONING OF ELECTRIC VEHICLE DURING CHARGING SESSION

Granted: April 6, 2017
Application Number: 20170096073
A vehicle includes an energy storage configured to store electric energy for at least propulsion of the vehicle, an energy storage thermal system configured to provide thermal conditioning of the energy storage, and a coupling configured to receive thermal conditioning of the energy storage from a thermal system external to the vehicle. The coupling provides thermal conditioning of the energy storage while charging when available from the thermal system external to the vehicle. The…

SCALABLE AND FLEXIBLE CELL-BASED ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM

Granted: March 30, 2017
Application Number: 20170093156
An energy storage system includes: a grid tie unit comprising at least one DC/AC converter; and multiple pods connected to the grid tie unit, each pod including: a number of cells; and a power electronics unit, wherein the cells are floating relative to the system and are galvanically isolated therefrom. The multiple pods may be organized into packs, with a pack including a thermal management system.

ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM WITH DUAL-ACTIVE-BRIDGE CONVERTER

Granted: March 30, 2017
Application Number: 20170093157
An energy storage device includes: a number of cells; and a dual-active-bridge converter connected to the cells, wherein the cells are floating relative to the system and are galvanically isolated therefrom. The energy storage device can be included in an energy storage system that includes: a grid tie unit comprising at least one DC/AC converter; and multiple pods connected to the grid tie unit, each pod including: a number of cells; and a power electronics unit, wherein the cells are…

METHODOLOGY FOR CHARGING BATTERIES SAFELY

Granted: March 16, 2017
Application Number: 20170074918
An apparatus and method for identifying a presence of a short circuit in a battery pack. A fault-detection apparatus for a charging system that rapidly charges a collection of interconnected lithium ion battery cells, the safety system includes a data-acquisition system for receiving a set of data parameters from the collection while the charging system is actively charging the collection; a monitoring system evaluating the set of data parameters to identify a set of anomalous…

HIDDEN ULTRASONIC SENSOR ASSEMBLY

Granted: March 2, 2017
Application Number: 20170059697
An ultrasonic sensor assembly is placed against an inside surface of a panel for sensing objects on an opposite side of the panel and includes an ultrasonic sensor, a preload structure, a coupling element, and a damping material. The preload structure applies a preload on the ultrasonic sensor toward the inside surface of the panel. The coupling element interfaces between the ultrasonic sensor and the inside surface of the panel. The damping material is placed against the inside surface…

GASKET AND DIAPHRAGM FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL

Granted: March 2, 2017
Application Number: 20170062778
An electrochemical cell includes a can configured to serve as one electric contact of the electrochemical cell, the can containing active materials, a diaphragm configured to serve as an opposite electric contact of the electrochemical cell, and a gasket that is initially of generally cylindrical shape, the diaphragm positioned inside the gasket in an opening of the can wherein an outer edge of the can is crimped onto the gasket, the gasket having an inner periphery inside the can and an…

TRIP PLANNING WITH ENERGY CONSTRAINT

Granted: February 2, 2017
Application Number: 20170030728
A method includes: receiving information corresponding at least to (i) a state of charge of an energy storage of a vehicle, (ii) route information corresponding to a planned driving route for the vehicle, and (iii) a predicted driver characteristic; determining using the received information, and presenting to a driver of the vehicle, a first energy-versus-distance measure for the planned driving route; receiving a user input indicating a proposed change in at least the driver…

Battery Swapping System and Techniques

Granted: April 21, 2016
Application Number: 20160107619
A battery pack lift system includes: a frame having nutrunners mounted thereon according to a battery pack fastener pattern for a vehicle; a lift configured to raise and lower the frame with regard to the vehicle; a first air bearing positioned between the frame and the lift, the first air bearing configured to allow relative movement between the frame and the lift; and a second air bearing positioned on the frame, the second air bearing configured to allow relative movement between a…

INTER-PROTOCOL CHARGING ADAPTER

Granted: February 4, 2016
Application Number: 20160036256
An inter-protocol charging adapter for equipment to be charged via a bus includes: first connectors corresponding to a first charging protocol that requires the bus to be energized before the equipment closes onto the bus; second connectors corresponding to a second charging protocol that does not energize the bus before the equipment closes onto the bus; and a boost converter coupled to the bus and to at least one of the second connectors, wherein the boost converter uses energy from…

HEATSINK WITH INTERNAL CAVITY FOR LIQUID COOLING

Granted: November 26, 2015
Application Number: 20150342092
A heatsink with an internal cavity for liquid cooling includes: a first part having a first group of fins extending into the internal cavity; a second part attached to the first part so that the internal cavity is formed, the second part having a second group of fins that extend into the internal cavity and that are configured to fit among the first group of fins; an inlet into the internal cavity on at least one of the first and second parts; and an outlet from the internal cavity on at…

Bobbin Design for Conduction-Cooled, Gapped, High-Permeability Magnetic Components

Granted: November 5, 2015
Application Number: 20150318106
A coil former, also referred to herein as a bobbin, is provided for use in conduction-cooled magnetic components that contain an air gap. The diameter of the disclosed bobbin is increased and ribs/splines or tabs are created to keep the winding centered about the core center post while allowing thermally conductive silicone-based or equivalent encapsulant to fill the voids between the coil former and the core, the coil former and the windings and/or both depending on the placement of the…

CHARGING STATION PROVIDING THERMAL CONDITIONING OF ELECTRIC VEHICLE DURING CHARGING SESSION

Granted: October 29, 2015
Application Number: 20150306974
A method of thermally conditioning an energy storage of a vehicle while charging includes: receiving, at a charging station, thermal information about the energy storage; supplying, by the charging station, electric energy to the energy storage in a charging session; and providing, by the charging station and based on the thermal information, thermal conditioning of the energy storage during at least part of the charging session.

CONTROLLING A COMPRESSOR FOR AIR SUSPENSION OF ELECTRIC VEHICLE

Granted: October 22, 2015
Application Number: 20150298520
A method of controlling a compressor for an air suspension of an electric vehicle includes: determining a state of a reservoir in the electric vehicle, the reservoir coupled to drive air springs of a suspension system; determining whether the electric vehicle is connected to an external source of electric energy for charging an energy storage of the electric vehicle; in response to determining that the electric vehicle is connected to the external source, applying a first value as a…

VEHICLE CRUSH RAIL WITH SUBSTANTIALLY SQUARE CELLS AND INITIATORS

Granted: October 22, 2015
Application Number: 20150298633
A vehicle crush rail includes: a body configured to be at least partially crushed along an axis between first and second ends thereof, the body having a cross section profile that comprises first, second and third cells that are substantially square, wherein at least one of the first, second and third cells extends from the first end to the second end, wherein the first, second and third cells have respective initiators arranged according to a crush pattern for the crush rail.

ADAPTER FOR CRUSH RAIL AND TORQUE BOX

Granted: October 22, 2015
Application Number: 20150298740
An adapter for a vehicle includes: an adapter body configured to bridge between a crush rail at a vehicle end and a back-up structure, the adapter body having a socket configured to receive and enclose four sides of the crush rail, the adapter body having a plug configured to fit into the back-up structure; and an opening in the adapter body configured to have a drive shaft extend through the adapter.

SUBFRAME CONFIGURED TO DETACH UPON IMPACT

Granted: October 22, 2015
Application Number: 20150298741
A subframe for a vehicle has a front attachment to a crush rail in the vehicle, and a rear attachment to the vehicle, the subframe comprising at least one initiator configured to cause the subframe to fold downward in event of impact, the subframe configured so that the front attachment detaches as a result of the impact and the subframe is deflected downward, while the rear attachment does not detach.

TORQUE BOX WITH SHEAR PLANES AT INNER JOINT

Granted: October 22, 2015
Application Number: 20150298744
A torque box for a vehicle includes: first and second clamshells joined to each other at respective top and bottom edges and configured to form at least first and second enclosures with an inner joint in between, the first and second enclosures configured to provide top and bottom shear planes at the top and bottom edges, respectively, and at least first and second shear planes at the inner joint.

ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM WITH HEAT PIPE THERMAL MANAGEMENT

Granted: August 27, 2015
Application Number: 20150244036
An energy storage system includes: multiple cells, each cell having a first end with anode and cathode terminals, and a second end opposite the first end, the cells arranged so that the second ends are aligned; for each of the cells, electrical connections coupled to the anode and cathode terminals at the first end; and a heat pipe having a flat evaporation surface facing the second ends.

COOLING OF CHARGING CABLE

Granted: August 6, 2015
Application Number: 20150217654
A charging system for an electric vehicle includes: a power supply; a cable having first and second ends, the first end attached to the power supply, the cable comprising a charging conductor and a cooling conduit, each of which extends from the first end to the second end; and a connector attached to the second end of the cable, the connector having a form factor corresponding to a charge port of the electric vehicle; wherein the cooling conduit is adapted to convey a fluid that cools…

PRESSURIZED AND GRAVITY-FED LIQUID COOLING OF ELECTRIC MOTOR

Granted: August 6, 2015
Application Number: 20150222162
A liquid cooling system for an electric motor includes: a pump for liquid to cool the electric motor; a heat exchanger that removes heat from the liquid; a manifold extending above a stator of the electric motor, the manifold receiving the liquid under pressure and having a first opening that directs a first liquid jet onto the stator; and a first tray above first end turns of the stator, the manifold having a second opening that directs a second liquid jet onto the first tray, the first…