Dolby Laboratories Patent Grants

3D glasses and related systems

Granted: November 21, 2017
Patent Number: 9824330
3D glasses having an RFID tag (embedded in one or more temples) are rented to theater or other venue operators. The glasses are shipped to a venue for distribution to patrons and collected from patrons in the trays. Inventory and other measures are implemented by RFID scanning while the glasses are in the trays (e.g., upon delivery to a theater, on collection from the theater, upon inspection at the 3D rental company, etc). Data gathered from RFID scanning and inspections allows the…

Expedited display characterization using diffraction gratings

Granted: November 21, 2017
Patent Number: 9826226
An image sensor of a camera configured with a diffraction grating is used to capture a diffraction image of an image rendering surface of a display device, for example, while a target image is being rendered on the image rendering surface of the display device. The diffraction image of the image rendering surface of the display device is analyzed to obtain measurements of native display capabilities of the display device. Display capability data is transmitted to a display management…

Rendering of multichannel audio using interpolated matrices

Granted: November 21, 2017
Patent Number: 9826327
Methods which uses interpolated primitive matrices to decode encoded audio to recover (losslessly) content of a multichannel audio program and/or to recover at least one downmix of such content, and encoding methods for generating such encoded audio. In some embodiments, a decoder performs interpolation on a set of seed primitive matrices to determine interpolated matrices for use in rendering channels of the program. Other aspects are a system or device configured to implement any…

System for rendering and playback of object based audio in various listening environments

Granted: November 21, 2017
Patent Number: 9826328
Embodiments are described for a system of rendering object-based audio content through a system that includes individually addressable drivers, including at least one driver that is configured to project sound waves toward one or more surfaces within a listening environment for reflection to a listening area within the listening environment; a renderer configured to receive and process audio streams and one or more metadata sets associated with each of the audio streams and specifying a…

Method for compressing a higher order ambisonics signal, method for decompressing (HOA) a compressed HOA signal, apparatus for compressing a HOA signal, and apparatus for decompressing a compressed HOA signal

Granted: November 14, 2017
Patent Number: 9818413
A method for compressing a HOA signal being an input HOA representation with input time frames (C(k)) of HOA coefficient sequences comprises spatial HOA encoding of the input time frames and subsequent perceptual encoding and source encoding. Each input time frame is decomposed (802) into a frame of predominant sound signals (XPS(k?1)) and a frame of an ambient HOA component ({tilde over (C)}AMB (k?1)). The ambient HOA component ({tilde over (C)}AMB (k?1)) comprises, in a layered mode,…

Selective watermarking of channels of multichannel audio

Granted: November 14, 2017
Patent Number: 9818415
A method for selecting a subset of channels of (e.g., determined from) at least a segment of a multichannel audio program for watermarking and watermarking the selected subset of channels, and a system or device configured to implement any embodiment of the method, or including a buffer which stores at least one frame or other segment of a multichannel audio program generated by any embodiment of the method or steps thereof. Some embodiments generate watermarking metadata during program…

Voice activity detector for audio signals

Granted: November 14, 2017
Patent Number: 9818433
According to one aspect, a method for detecting voice activity is disclosed, the method including receiving a frame of an input audio signal, the input audio signal having an sample rate; dividing the frame into a plurality of subbands based on the sample rate, the plurality of subbands including at least a lowest subband and a highest subband; filtering the lowest subband with a moving average filter to reduce an energy of the lowest subband; estimating a noise level for each of the…

Encoding, decoding, and representing high dynamic range images

Granted: November 14, 2017
Patent Number: 9819938
Techniques are provided to encode and decode image data comprising a tone mapped (TM) image with HDR reconstruction data in the form of luminance ratios and color residual values. In an example embodiment, luminance ratio values and residual values in color channels of a color space are generated on an individual pixel basis based on a high dynamic range (HDR) image and a derivative tone-mapped (TM) image that comprises one or more color alterations that would not be recoverable from the…

Image metadata creation for improved image processing and content delivery

Granted: November 14, 2017
Patent Number: 9819974
Several embodiments of a media processor for the creation of metadata from a set of images are given. The media processor receives a set of image data and computes metadata from the image data. The metadata may comprise statistical data based on the image data; from which the media processor may generate and store a multi-scale version of the metadata. The metadata may comprise statistical attributes derived directly from the image data or statistical attributes derived from image…

Audio object extraction with sub-band object probability estimation

Granted: November 14, 2017
Patent Number: 9820077
Embodiments of the example embodiment relate to audio object extraction. A method for audio object extraction from audio content is disclosed. The method comprises determining a sub-band object probability for a sub-band of the audio signal in a frame of the audio content, the sub-band object probability indicating a probability of the sub-band of the audio signal containing an audio object. The method further comprises splitting the sub-band of the audio signal into an audio object…

Parallax reduction

Granted: November 7, 2017
Patent Number: 9810943
Parallax in an optical device is reduced by apply one or a combination of several disclosed techniques, including reduced solid angle or increased collimation of light sources, increased diffusion/scattering at an output of the device, and/or reflective structures for collimation and containment of reflected light. The techniques are advantageously applied to a backlight LCD display, and particularly to high dynamic range dual modulation displays.

Techniques for dual modulation with light conversion

Granted: November 7, 2017
Patent Number: 9810944
Techniques for driving a dual modulation display include generating backlight drive signals to drive individually-controllable illumination sources. The illumination sources emit first light onto a light conversion layer. The light conversion layer converts the first light, such as blue or ultraviolet light, into second light, such as white light. The light conversion layer can include quantum dot materials. Liquid crystal display (LCD) modulation drive signals are generated to determine…

Method for and apparatus for decoding an ambisonics audio soundfield representation for audio playback using 2D setups

Granted: November 7, 2017
Patent Number: 9813834
Sound scenes in 3D can be synthesized or captured as a natural sound field. For decoding, a decode matrix is required that is specific for a given loudspeaker setup and is generated using the known loudspeaker positions. However, some source directions are attenuated for 2D loudspeaker setups like e.g. 5.1 surround. An improved method for decoding an encoded audio signal in soundfield format for L loudspeakers at known positions comprises steps of adding (10) a position of at least one…

Screen-relative rendering of audio and encoding and decoding of audio for such rendering

Granted: November 7, 2017
Patent Number: 9813837
In some embodiments, methods for generating an object based audio program including screen-elated metadata indicative of at least one warping degree parameter for at least one audio object, or generating a speaker channel-based program including by warping audio content of an object based audio program to a degree determined at least in part by at least one warping degree parameter, or methods for decoding or rendering any such audio program. Other aspects are systems configured to…

Projection displays

Granted: October 31, 2017
Patent Number: 9804487
A locally dimmed display has a spatial light modulator illuminated by a light source. The spatial light modulator is illuminated with a low resolution version of a desired image. The illumination may comprise a series of lighting elements that vary smoothly from one element to another at the spatial light modulator.

Object clustering for rendering object-based audio content based on perceptual criteria

Granted: October 31, 2017
Patent Number: 9805725
Embodiments are directed a method of rendering object-based audio comprising determining an initial spatial position of objects having object audio data and associated metadata, determining a perceptual importance of the objects, and grouping the audio objects into a number of clusters based on the determined perceptual importance of the objects, such that a spatial error caused by moving an object from an initial spatial position to a second spatial position in a cluster is minimized…

Methods and systems for generating and interactively rendering object based audio

Granted: October 31, 2017
Patent Number: 9805727
Methods for generating an object based audio program, renderable in a personalizable manner, and including a bed of speaker channels renderable in the absence of selection of other program content (e.g., to provide a default full range audio experience). Other embodiments include steps of delivering, decoding, and/or rendering such a program. Rendering of content of the bed, or of a selected mix of other content of the program, may provide an immersive experience. The program may include…

System and method for leveling loudness variation in an audio signal

Granted: October 31, 2017
Patent Number: 9806688
Systems and methods for leveling loudness variation in an audio signal are described. Embodiments use both a perceptual leveling algorithm and a standards-based loudness measure together to minimize audio process artifacts and ensure that the measured loudness of the processed audio is close to a required measure, according to a particular standard measurement of loudness. These systems and methods can be used either offline or in real-time.

Spatial audio processing system and method

Granted: October 31, 2017
Patent Number: 9807538
A spatial audio processing system and method including the steps of: dividing the series of virtual speakers into a series of horizontal planes around the expected listener; rendering the audio source to an intermediate spatial format for playback over a series of virtual speakers arranged in each of the series of planes around the listener, the rendering including: an initial panning of the spatialized virtual audio source to each of the horizontal planes to produce a plane rendered…

Method and apparatus for encoding/decoding of directions of dominant directional signals within subbands of a HOA signal representation

Granted: October 24, 2017
Patent Number: 9800986
Encoding of Higher Order Ambisonics (HOA) signals commonly results in high data rates. For data rate reduction, a method (100) for encoding direction information for frames of an input HOA signal comprises determining (s101) active candidate directions (I) among predefined global directions having global direction indices, dividing (s102) the input HOA signal into frequency subbands (II), determining (s103) for each frequency subband active subband directions among the active candidate…