IBM Patent Applications

CHECKING DATA INTEGRITY OF DATA STORAGE SYSTEMS

Granted: June 13, 2019
Application Number: 20190179687
A method and apparatus for validating operation of a data volume on a storage medium. A data integrity component is provided which writes data blocks to the volume in a sequence, each data block storing a sequence number and also write status information specifying the sequence numbers of those preceding data blocks in the stream which are still being written to the volume at the time the data block is generated. Data validation is performed by reading back the stored data blocks from…

FORMING STACKED TWIN III-V NANO-SHEETS USING ASPECT-RATIO TRAPPING TECHNIQUES

Granted: June 13, 2019
Application Number: 20190181228
A semiconductor structure that includes: a substrate, a twin vertical punch-through stopper layer structure connected to the substrate, and a plurality of nanosheets connected to and supported by the twin vertical punch-through stopper structure and isolated from the substrate by an insulating dielectric.

BACKSIDE COUPLING WITH SUPERCONDUCTING PARTIAL TSV FOR TRANSMON QUBITS

Granted: June 13, 2019
Application Number: 20190181325
A capacitive coupling device (superconducting C-coupler) includes a trench formed through a substrate, from a backside of the substrate, reaching a depth in the substrate, substantially orthogonal to a plane of fabrication on a frontside of the substrate, the depth being less than a thickness of the substrate. A superconducting material is deposited as a continuous conducting via layer in the trench with a space between surfaces of the via layer in the trench remaining accessible from…

DISTINGUISHING FLUIDS BASED UPON DETERMINATION AND ANALYSIS OF DIGITAL IMAGE COLOR SPACE CHARACTERISTICS

Granted: June 6, 2019
Application Number: 20190170724
A first series of images of a first fluid is received. A first set of fluid characteristics of the first fluid is determined from the first series of images. A second series of images of a second fluid is received. A second set of fluid characteristics of the second fluid is determined from the second series of images. A match is determined to be found between the first set of fluid characteristics and the second set of fluid characteristics. The second fluid is identified based upon…

SCREEN CAPTURE DATA AMALGAMATION

Granted: June 6, 2019
Application Number: 20190171667
At a device of a sender, a screen capture image is captured from a first portion of data presented on the device by a data source. Historical messaging data is analyzed to compute a set of topics in which the sender has participated. Using a topic from the set of topics as a context, a second portion of the data presented on the device by the data source is searched to extract an additional information from the second portion, the additional information corresponding to the context. the…

SELECTIVE SWITCHING OF FREQUENCY MULTIPLEXED MICROWAVE SIGNALS USING CASCADING MULTI-PATH INTERFEROMETRIC JOSEPHSON SWITCHES WITH NONOVERLAPPING BANDWIDTHS

Granted: June 6, 2019
Application Number: 20190171964
A cascading selective microwave switch (cascade) includes a set of Josephson devices, each Josephson device in the set having a corresponding operating bandwidth of microwave frequencies, wherein different operating bandwidths have different corresponding center frequencies. A series coupling is formed between first Josephson device from the set and an nth Josephson device from the set. the series coupling causes the first Josephson device in an open state to reflect back to an input…

ISOLATION OF FREQUENCY MULTIPLEXED MICROWAVE SIGNALS USING CASCADING MULTI-PATH INTERFEROMETRIC JOSEPHSON ISOLATORS WITH NONOVERLAPPING BANDWIDTHS

Granted: June 6, 2019
Application Number: 20190171974
A cascading microwave isolator (cascade) includes a set of Josephson devices, each Josephson device in the set having a corresponding operating bandwidth of microwave frequencies. Different operating bandwidths have different corresponding center frequencies. A series coupling is formed between first Josephson device from the set and an nth Josephson device from the set. The series coupling causes the first Josephson device to isolate a signal at a first frequency from a frequency…

ENHANCEMENT OF COMMUNICATIONS TO A USER FROM ANOTHER PARTY USING COGNITIVE TECHNIQUES

Granted: June 6, 2019
Application Number: 20190171976
Embodiments for enhancing communications for a user by a processor. An appropriateness of communications may be learned for communicating with a user based on one or more disabilities relating to the user. One or more customized communications may be created based on the learned appropriateness of the communications for the user. The customized communications may be modified, adjusted, and/or polished based on reaction to the customized communications by the user, a caregiver of the…

COGNITIVE RIDE SCHEDULING

Granted: June 6, 2019
Application Number: 20190171988
Embodiments for facilitating ride scheduling by a processor. An occurrence of an event associated with a user may be predicted based on user data. One or more ride scheduling parameters relating to the event may be determined. One or more ride scheduling models may be determined satisfying the ride scheduling parameters. Facilitate scheduling a vehicle for the user according to the ride scheduling models.

FORMING SELF-ALIGNED VIAS AND AIR-GAPS IN SEMICONDUCTOR FABRICATION

Granted: June 6, 2019
Application Number: 20190172748
A semiconductor device includes a first trench on a mandrel line through a top mask layer and stopping at a middle mask layer; and a second trench on a non-mandrel line through the top mask layer and stopping at the middle mask layer. A spacer material is removed from a structure resulting from etching the first trench and the second trench. The device includes a first via structure, formed using a removable material, in the first trench; a second via structure, formed using a removable…

METHOD OF INTEGRATED CIRCUIT (IC) CHIP FABRICATION

Granted: June 6, 2019
Application Number: 20190172762
A method of forming integrated circuit (IC) chips. After masking a layer of a material to be etched, the layer is subjected to an atomic layer etch (ALE). During the ALE, etch effluent is measured with a calorimetric probe. The calorimetric probe results reflect a species of particles resulting from etching the material. The measured etch results are checked until the results indicate the particle content is below a threshold value. When the content is below the threshold ALE is complete…

SWITCHING OF FREQUENCY MULTIPLEXED MICROWAVE SIGNALS USING CASCADING MULTI-PATH INTERFEROMETRIC JOSEPHSON SWITCHES WITH NONOVERLAPPING BANDWIDTHS

Granted: June 6, 2019
Application Number: 20190173145
A cascading microwave switch (cascade) includes a set of Josephson devices, each Josephson device in the set having a corresponding operating bandwidth of microwave frequencies, wherein different operating bandwidths have different corresponding center frequencies. A series coupling is formed between first Josephson device from the set and an nth Josephson device from the set, wherein the series coupling causes the first Josephson device in an open state to reflect back to an input port…

SELECTIVE AMPLIFICATION OF FREQUENCY MULTIPLEXED MICROWAVE SIGNALS USING CASCADING MULTI-PATH INTERFEROMETRIC JOSEPHSON DIRECTIONAL AMPLIFIERS WITH NONOVERLAPPING BANDWIDTHS

Granted: June 6, 2019
Application Number: 20190173444
A cascading selective microwave directional amplifier (cascade) includes a set of Josephson devices, each Josephson device in the set having a corresponding operating bandwidth of microwave frequencies. Different operating bandwidths have different corresponding center frequencies. A series coupling is formed between first Josephson device from the set and an nth Josephson device from the set. The series coupling causes the first Josephson device to amplify a signal of a first frequency…

AMPLIFICATION OF FREQUENCY MULTIPLEXED MICROWAVE SIGNALS USING CASCADING MULTI-PATH INTERFEROMETRIC JOSEPHSON DIRECTIONAL AMPLIFIERS WITH NONOVERLAPPING BANDWIDTHS

Granted: June 6, 2019
Application Number: 20190173445
A cascading microwave directional amplifier (cascade) includes a set of Josephson devices, each Josephson device in the set having a corresponding operating bandwidth of microwave frequencies, wherein different operating bandwidths have different corresponding center frequencies. A series coupling is formed between first Josephson device from the set and an nth Josephson device from the set, such that the first Josephson device amplifies a signal of a first frequency from a frequency…

User state tracking and anomaly detection in software-as-a-service environments

Granted: June 6, 2019
Application Number: 20190173903
A user state tracking and anomaly detector for multi-tenant SaaS applications operates in association with a log management solution, such as a SIEM. A given SaaS application has many user STATES, and the applications often have dependencies on one another that arise, for example, when a particular application makes a request (typically on behalf of a user) to take some action with respect to another application. The detector includes a mapper that maps the large number of user STATES to…

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR MANAGING SECURITY IN COMPUTING NETWORKS

Granted: June 6, 2019
Application Number: 20190173910
Embodiments for managing computing network security by one or more processors are described. A signal that is representative of authorized anomalous behavior is received. The signal includes at least one of an identity and a type of activity associated with the authorized anomalous behavior. A security incident is detected. If the detected security incident corresponds to the authorized anomalous behavior, the generating of an alert in response to the detecting of the security incident…

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR MANAGING PHOTOGRAPHIC CAPTURE

Granted: May 30, 2019
Application Number: 20190159966
Embodiments for managing photographic capture by one or more processors are described. An image is received. The image includes at least one individual and is associated with a location. A signal indicative of a recommendation with respect to a posture of the at least one individual in the image is generated based on information associated with the at least one individual, the location, or a combination thereof.

Integrating Synthetic Performance Measurements with Continuous Delivery Pipelines

Granted: May 30, 2019
Application Number: 20190163607
Continuous development pipeline systems and in-field synthetic performance test systems are interlocked to provide for automated control of promotion of program code elements within the development pipeline and in the deployment environment using relative comparative performance values rather than absolute performance thresholds, in order to better accommodate “last mile” variations in client device conditions.

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AUTOMATICALLY PROVIDING ALTERNATIVE POINTS OF VIEW FOR MULTIMEDIA CONTENT

Granted: May 30, 2019
Application Number: 20190163792
A selection of content from a content presentation is received. At least one topic from the selected content is extracted using natural language processing (NLP). The at least one topic is representative of a subject conveyed within the selected content. At least one perspective associated with the at least one topic is extracted using NLP. The at least one perspective is representative of a point of view conveyed within the selected content regarding the at least one topic. A topic…

SYNAPTIC CROSSBAR MEMORY ARRAY

Granted: May 30, 2019
Application Number: 20190164597
A method of forming an Integrated Circuit (IC) chip, the IC chip and an on-chip synaptic crossbar memory array. Chip devices are formed on a surface of a semiconductor wafer. A connective layer is formed above the chip devices. A bottom electrode layer is formed on the connective layer. A neuromorphic synapse layer is formed above the bottom electrode layer with each synapse on a bottom electrode. Upper electrodes are formed above the synapses and orthogonal to bottom electrode lines.…