Infinera Patent Applications

LASER ARRAYS COMPRISING COMPACT LASERS WITH EXTENDED TUNABILITY

Granted: July 20, 2017
Application Number: 20170207603
Consistent with the present disclosure, a compact laser with extended tunability (CLET) is provided that includes multiple segments or sections, at least one of which is curved, bent or non-collinear with other segments, so that the CLET has a compact form factor either as a singular laser or when integrated with other devices. The term CLET, as used herein, refers to any of the laser configurations disclosed herein having mirrors and a bent, angled or curved part, portion or section…

COMPACT LASERS WITH EXTENDED TUNABILITY

Granted: July 13, 2017
Application Number: 20170201070
Consistent with the present disclosure, a compact laser with extended tunability (CLET) is provided that includes multiple segments or sections, at least one of which is curved, bent or non-collinear with other segments, so that the CLET has a compact form factor either as a singular laser or when integrated with other devices. The term CLET, as used herein, refers to any of the laser configurations disclosed herein having mirrors and a bent, angled or curved part, portion or section…

Photonic Integrated Circuit Including Compact Lasers With Extended Tunability

Granted: June 8, 2017
Application Number: 20170163000
Consistent with the present disclosure, a compact laser with extended tunability (CLET) is provided that includes multiple segments or sections, at least one of which is curved, bent or non-collinear with other segments, so that the CLET has a compact form factor either as a singular laser or when integrated with other devices. The term CLET, as used herein, refers to any of the laser configurations disclosed herein having mirrors and a bent, angled or curved part, portion or section…

Photonic Integrated Circuit Including Compact Lasers With Extended Tunability

Granted: June 8, 2017
Application Number: 20170163001
Consistent with the present disclosure, a compact laser with extended tunability (CLET) is provided that includes multiple segments or sections, at least one of which is curved, bent or non-collinear with other segments, so that the CLET has a compact form factor either as a singular laser or when integrated with other devices. The term CLET, as used herein, refers to any of the laser configurations disclosed herein having mirrors and a bent, angled or curved part, portion or section…

HYBRID POLARIZATION-MULTIPLEXED COHERENT PIC TRANSMITTERS AND RECEIVERS

Granted: February 4, 2016
Application Number: 20160033728
Consistent with the present disclosure, active devices, such as lasers, optical amplifiers, and photodiodes, are integrated on a first substrate, and other optical devices, such as passive devices including polarization rotators and polarization beam combiners, are provided on a second substrate. An array of lenses is provided between the two substrates to provide a low loss optical connection from the first substrate to the second substrate. In addition, the orientation or position of…

CONTROLLING AN OPTICAL TRANSMITTER THAT SUPPORTS MULTIPLE MODULATION FORMATS AND BAUD RATES

Granted: November 19, 2015
Application Number: 20150333860
A device receives a modulation format and a baud rate for transmission of an optical signal, and generates optical signals based on the modulation format and the baud rate. The device generates quadrature-delay-interferometer signals based on the optical signal, the modulation format, and the baud rate, and generates a particular optical signal with a particular wavelength for the modulation format and the baud rate. The device determines whether a point of the…

ESTIMATING PHASE USING TEST PHASES AND INTERPOLATION FOR MODULATION FORMATS USING MULTIPLE SUB-CARRIERS

Granted: October 1, 2015
Application Number: 20150280814
An optical receiver may receive input signals carried by sub-carriers, and may apply test phases to each input signal. The optical receiver may determine error values, associated with test phases, for each input signal. The optical receiver may calculate updated metric values, associated with the test phases, for a particular input signal, based on a first error value and a second error value. The first error value may be associated with a first sub-carrier, and the second error value…

ACCURATE CALCULATION OF POLARIZATION MODE DISPERSION USING BLIND EQUALIZATION

Granted: October 1, 2015
Application Number: 20150280833
A digital signal processor (DSP) may receive a signal that has an x-polarization (x-pol) and a y-polarization (y-pol). The DSP may equalize the x-pol of the signal and the y-pol of the signal based on filter coefficients determined using a constant modulus algorithm (CMA). The DSP may perform phase correction on the equalized x-pol signal and the equalized y-pol signal. The DSP may identify a first frame header pattern within the phase-corrected x-pol signal, and may identify a second…

FREQUENCY AND PHASE COMPENSATION FOR MODULATION FORMATS USING MULTIPLE SUB-CARRIERS

Granted: October 1, 2015
Application Number: 20150280834
An optical receiver may receive input signals carried by respective sub-carriers. The optical receiver may determine, based on the input signals, a compensation value to be used to modify an input signal. The optical receiver may use the compensation value to adjust the input signal to form a modified input signal. The compensation value may be used to modify a frequency or a phase of the input signal. The optical receiver may determine, based on the modified input signal, a phase…

CONFIGURABLE FREQUENCY DOMAIN EQUALIZER FOR DISPERSION COMPENSATION OF MULTIPLE SUB-CARRIERS

Granted: October 1, 2015
Application Number: 20150280853
A system may include an optical transmitter and an optical receiver. The optical transmitter may generate optical signals associated with sub-carriers, and may provide the optical signals via an optical link. The optical receiver may receive the optical signals via the optical link, and may generate samples based on the optical signals. The samples may be associated with the sub-carriers. The optical receiver may combine the samples to form a time domain sample vector having a particular…

MULTIPLEXER HAVING ASE SUPPRESSION

Granted: July 2, 2015
Application Number: 20150188276
Consistent with the present disclosure, optical filters are provided in a reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer (ROADM). In one example, groups of optical signals are amplified by corresponding erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs) and supplied to each optical filter, which has a passband that includes the wavelengths associated with the received optical signal group. Light at wavelengths outside the passband of each optical filter, such as amplified stimulated emission (ASE) light…

POWER-EFFICIENT MAXIMUM LIKELIHOOD DECODING FOR 5 BITS PER DUAL-POL-SYMBOL MODULATION

Granted: July 2, 2015
Application Number: 20150188641
A digital signal processor (DSP), may identify symbol values associated with a 5 quadrature amplitude modulation (5QAM) signal. The DSP may determine a first bit set based on the symbol values and a first particular bit value. The DSP may determine a second bit set based on the symbol values and a second particular bit value. The DSP may compute a first distance based on the first bit set and the symbol values. The DSP may compute a second distance based on the second bit set and the…

DETECTING AND CORRECTING CYCLE SLIPS TO MINIMIZE SYSTEM PENALTY

Granted: July 2, 2015
Application Number: 20150188642
An optical receiver receives an optical signal with a phase error and pilot symbols, and converts the optical signal into an electrical signal. The optical receiver identifies, based on the pilot symbols, a cycle slip due to the phase error and associated with a transition time. The optical receiver determines, based on the pilot symbols, a direction and a center of the cycle slip, and generates a rotation value based on the direction and the center. The optical receiver applies the…

CONTROLLING AN OPTICAL TRANSMITTER THAT SUPPORTS MULTIPLE MODULATION FORMATS AND BAUD RATES

Granted: July 2, 2015
Application Number: 20150188658
An optical device receives a modulation format and a baud rate for transmission of an optical signal with multiple subcarrier signals, and generates the optical signal based on the modulation format and the baud rate. The optical device generates a dual-etalon response based on the optical signal, the modulation format, and the baud rate, where the dual-etalon response includes multiple peaks. The optical device compares the subcarrier signals of the optical signal and the peaks of the…

OPTICAL TRANSFER LINEARITY USING TEST TONES

Granted: April 2, 2015
Application Number: 20150093117
An optical system may have an optical transmitter including a digital signal processor to receive a signal channel, determine a digital signal associated with the signal channel based on information in a look-up table and based on a test tone, and output the digital signal. The optical system may further have a digital-to-analog converter to convert the digital signal to an analog signal, a laser to provide an optical signal, and a modulator to receive the optical signal and the analog…

OPTICAL HYBRID MIXER WITHOUT WAVEGUIDE CROSSINGS

Granted: February 19, 2015
Application Number: 20150049984
A multimoded interference coupler may include: first and second inputs to receive first and second optical signals such that light is not supplied through any portion of a first gap extending between the first and second inputs; first and second outputs to provide first and second components associated with the first and second optical signals, such that light is not output through any portion of a second gap extending between the first and second outputs. The first and second inputs may…

HAMMING CODED MODULATION

Granted: January 29, 2015
Application Number: 20150030333
An optical system may include a digital signal processor (DSP) to receive first samples of a digital signal. The first samples may be Hamming encoded. The DSP may correlate the first samples to multiple groups of second samples to determine multiple correlation values. Each of the multiple groups of second samples may correspond to respective code words. Each of the multiple correlation values may correspond to a correlation measurement between the first samples and each of the multiple…

CLOCK PHASE DETECTION IN THE FREQUENCY DOMAIN

Granted: January 22, 2015
Application Number: 20150023659
A digital signal processor (DSP) may receive samples of a signal from an analog-to-digital converter (ADC); convert the samples from a time domain to a frequency domain; determine a clock phase error of the samples while in the frequency domain; and provide a voltage corresponding to the clock phase error. The voltage may be provided to reduce timing errors associated with the samples.

REDUCING PHASE NOISE ASSOCIATED WITH OPTICAL SOURCES

Granted: November 6, 2014
Application Number: 20140328584
An optical transmitter may include an optical source to provide a first optical signal having a varying frequency; an optical circuit to receive a portion of the first optical signal and provide a second optical signal corresponding to a change in frequency of the first optical signal; a photodetector to receive the first optical signal and provide an electrical signal that is indicative of the change in frequency of the first optical signal; an integrator to receive the electrical…

ADJUSTING CARRIER SPACING IN A CHANNEL

Granted: October 2, 2014
Application Number: 20140294381
An optical system may include optical transmitters to provide respective optical signals. Each of the respective optical signals may provide one or more carriers in an optical channel. The optical channel may include multiple carriers associated with the respective optical signals. First and second carriers, of the multiple carriers, may have a particular carrier space width. The particular carrier space width may include a frequency error associated with one or more optical signals of…