Maxim Integrated Patent Grants

State based full and empty control for rechargeable batteries

Granted: October 17, 2017
Patent Number: 9791517
State based full and empty control for rechargeable batteries that will assure a uniform battery empty condition, even in the presence of a load on the battery. A fuel gauge provides a prediction of the open circuit voltage of the battery, and when the predicted open circuit voltage of the battery reaches the predetermined open circuit voltage of an empty battery, the load is terminated, after which the battery will relax back to the predetermined open circuit voltage of an empty…

Simple and high efficiency balancing circuits and methods for hybrid batteries

Granted: October 10, 2017
Patent Number: 9787118
A balancing circuits and methods for hybrid batteries having two different rechargeable batteries that are coupled in series includes coupling a fuel gauge to each battery to determine the state of charge of each battery, comparing the state of charge of the two batteries, and if the state of charge of the two batteries is more than a predetermined difference, then enabling a switching converter to source current to a node between the batteries or to sink current from the node between…

USB hubs with galvanic isolation

Granted: October 10, 2017
Patent Number: 9785598
A universal serial bus (USB) hub includes a USB AFE circuit module, a hub core and an isolator circuit module interposed between the USB AFE circuit module and the hub core. Data communications between the hub core and the first USB AFE circuit module pass through the isolator circuit module. A method for communicating through a universal serial bus hub includes providing a USB AFE circuit module, providing a hub core, providing an isolator circuit module interposed between the USB AFE…

System and method of estimating spectral contributions in ambient light and correcting field of view errors

Granted: October 3, 2017
Patent Number: 9778099
The present disclosure describes systems, methods, and devices for estimating spectral contributions in ambient light. The present disclosure also describes systems, methods, and devices for compensating for field of view errors resulting from the user, contextual structures (e.g., buildings, trees, fixtures, or geological formations), atmospheric effects (e.g., ozone coverage, smog, fog, haze, or clouds), device structures, and/or device orientation/tilt relative to a light source being…

Method for portable sensor-less DC-DC converter control loops

Granted: October 3, 2017
Patent Number: 9780662
A portable control loop is provided for current sensing DC-DC converter. The DC-DC converter includes a power circuit, an external circuit, a control circuit and a duty cycle integration circuit. The power circuit comprises at least one controllable switch to regulate current from an input voltage. The external circuit comprises at least one output inductor and a capacitor. The duty cycle integration circuit receives a voltage differential signal across the output inductor and generates…

Block encryption security for integrated microcontroller and external memory system

Granted: September 26, 2017
Patent Number: 9773431
A secure microcontroller system comprising an integrated cache sub-system, crypto-engine, buffer sub-system and external memory is described according to various embodiments of the invention. The secure microcontroller incorporates block encryption methods to ensure that content communicated between the integrated microcontroller and external memory is protected and real-time performance of the system is maintained. Additionally, the microcontroller system provides a user-configurable…

Gesture detection and compact representation thereof

Granted: September 19, 2017
Patent Number: 9766710
Techniques are described that may be implemented with an electronic device to detect a gesture within a field of view of a sensor and generate a compact data representation of the detected gesture. In implementations, a sensor is configured to detect a gesture and provide a signal in response thereto. An estimator, which is in communication with the sensor, is configured to generate an elliptical representation of the gesture. Multiple coefficients for the compact representation of the…

Color matching with shade detection

Granted: September 19, 2017
Patent Number: 9769393
This disclosure is directed to color matching with shade detection. A method of color matching can include: receiving a camera image of a target, the camera image being collected in the presence of flash illumination; receiving a color sensor spectral measurement of the target, the color sensor spectral measurement being collected in the presence of flash illumination; determining specular and diffuse fractions of a flash intensity profile of the camera image of the target; determining…

Electric-field imager for assays

Granted: September 5, 2017
Patent Number: 9753028
This disclosure describes an electric-field imaging system and method of use. In accordance with implementations of the electric-field imaging system, a fluid sample can be placed on top of a pixel-based impedance sensor. An image of the target analytes can be created immediately afterwards. From this image, computer imaging algorithms can determine attributes (e.g., size, type, morphology, volume, distribution, number, concentration, or motility, etc.) of the target analytes. The…

System and method for current measurement in the presence of high common mode voltages

Granted: September 5, 2017
Patent Number: 9753062
A system and method for making accurate current measurements by determining the differential voltage drop across a resistor in series with the load in the presence of large common mode voltages. A compensating voltage equal in magnitude but 180 degrees out of phase with a common mode voltage is generated and applied to a network of resistors connected to a measurement amplifier, thereby significantly reducing the magnitude of the common mode voltage at the measurement amplifier's inputs.…

Adaptive headroom control to minimize PMIC operating efficiency

Granted: September 5, 2017
Patent Number: 9753470
Various embodiments of the invention provide for an adaptive headroom controller circuit that increases the efficiency of switch mode pre-regulator circuits that supply power to multiple linear sub-regulators. Certain embodiments increase efficiency by dynamically modulating the output voltage of the pre-regulator in response to varying headroom voltages requirements, which allows sub-regulators to operate at their individually optimized headroom voltage, thereby, extending battery life…

Geo-location based authentication in a mobile point-of-sale terminal

Granted: September 5, 2017
Patent Number: 9754255
The invention relates to authentication in mobile financial transactions, and more particularly, to systems, devices and methods of employing a location tracking function within a mobile device for the purpose of authenticating a user and a trusted transaction when this mobile device is configured to a mobile point-of-sale (POS) terminal. Authentication is primarily implemented by a secure element integrated within the mobile device based on comparison between captured geo-location data…

Maintain power signature (MPS) powered device (PD)

Granted: August 15, 2017
Patent Number: 9735577
A Maintain Power Signature (MPS) Powered Device (PD) is described. In one or more implementations, the MPS device comprises a current sensor configured to sense current flowing from Power Sourcing Equipment (PSE) to the PD. The current sense based MPS device also comprises a current generator configured to sink electrical current to prevent the PSE from removing power to the PD. Thus, the electrical current comprises a current amplitude characteristic selected based upon MPS requirements…

Gamma switching amplifier

Granted: August 8, 2017
Patent Number: 9728155
Electronic devices with displays are configured to provide a gamma correction signal to each source driver chip driving the display. The gamma correction signal is supplied by a gamma application circuit coupled to each source driver chip. The gamma application circuit includes a switching amplifier configured to output a switching waveform and a filter to input the switching waveform and output the gamma correction signal to an input of each source driver chip. The switching amplifier…

Powered device having semi-active bridge

Granted: August 8, 2017
Patent Number: 9729081
A semi-active bridge for furnishing voltage of a correct polarity to a powered device in a Power over Ethernet (PoE) network is disclosed. In one or more implementations, the semi-active bridge includes a diode having an anode portion and a cathode portion. The anode portion of the diode is connected to an input terminal, and the cathode portion of the diode is connected to an output terminal. The semi-active bridge also includes an active transistor device having a source region and a…

Method and battery pack device with antenna and diode

Granted: August 1, 2017
Patent Number: 9721085
A device and system are described that include an authentication device having a battery, at least one battery contact, an antenna, at least one antenna contact, a ferrite material barrier, a diode electrically coupled to a battery contact and an antenna contact, and an authenticator coupled to the diode, a battery contact, and an antenna contact. A system includes the device with an authentication device, a transceiver electrically coupled to a near field communication contact, a switch…

Wafer-level chip-scale package device having bump assemblies configured to furnish shock absorber functionality

Granted: August 1, 2017
Patent Number: 9721912
Semiconductor devices are described that have bump assemblies configured to furnish shock absorber functionality. In an implementation, a wafer-levelchip-scale package devices include an integrated circuit chip having an array of bump assemblies disposed over the integrated circuit chip. The array of bump assemblies comprises a plurality of first bump assemblies that include solder bumps composed at least substantially of a solder composition (i.e., solder bumps that do not include a…

Method for detecting a fault condition of an operational amplifier

Granted: July 25, 2017
Patent Number: 9714971
A method for detecting a fault condition of an operational amplifier of an integrated circuit during operation includes operating an integrated circuit which includes an operational amplifier (op-amp) having a V+ input, a V? input and an op-amp output and an on-line fault detector electrically coupled to the V+ input and the V? input of the op-amp of the on-line fault detector, monitoring an operation of the op-amp with the on-line fault detector, and developing a fault signal at a fault…

Integrated standard-compliant data acquisition device

Granted: July 25, 2017
Patent Number: 9716520
An integrated standard-compliant data acquisition device includes an electrically insulating package including a plurality of conductive leads and an integrated circuit (IC) disposed within the electrically insulating package and electrically coupled to at least some of the plurality of conductive leads. The IC includes a first multiplexer (MUX), a second MUX, a third MUX, an analog-to-digital converter (ADC), a plurality of registers, a fourth MUX, control logic, and communication…

Systems and methods for operating secure elliptic curve cryptosystems

Granted: July 25, 2017
Patent Number: 9716584
Various embodiments of the invention implement countermeasures designed to withstand attacks by potential intruders who seek partial or full retrieval of elliptic curve secrets by using known methods that exploit system vulnerabilities, including elliptic operation differentiation, dummy operation detection, lattice attacks, and first real operation detection. Various embodiments of the invention provide resistance against side-channel attacks, such as sample power analysis, caused by…