Power Integrations Patent Grants

Laterally-graded doping of materials

Granted: September 19, 2017
Patent Number: 9768274
A method includes defining, on a surface of a material, a plurality of discrete portions of a surface as surface elements having at least one of a laterally-varying size, a laterally-varying shape, and a laterally-varying spacing. A plurality of portions of the material beneath the surface elements are doped with a single quantity of dopant material per element area. The dopant material within the material beneath the surface elements expands to provide a lateral gradient of dopant…

Variable bleeder circuit

Granted: September 19, 2017
Patent Number: 9769901
A bleeder circuit includes an input current sense circuit, coupled to one of first and second input terminals of a driver circuit, to output a bleeder on/off signal in response to an input current through the first and second input terminals of the driver circuit. A variable current circuit is coupled between the first and second input terminals of the driver circuit and coupled to the input current sense circuit. The variable current circuit is coupled to conduct a bleeder current…

Heterostructure power transistor with AlSiN passivation layer

Granted: September 12, 2017
Patent Number: 9761704
A heterostructure semiconductor device includes a first active layer and a second active layer disposed on the first active layer. A two-dimensional electron gas layer is formed between the first and second active layers. An AlSiN passivation layer is disposed on the second active layer. First and second ohmic contacts electrically connect to the second active layer. The first and second ohmic contacts are laterally spaced-apart, with a gate being disposed between the first and second…

Techniques for controlling a power converter using multiple controllers

Granted: September 12, 2017
Patent Number: 9762129
A power converter controller includes a primary controller coupled to operate in a first mode to control a power switch with a primary switching pattern. A secondary controller is galvanically isolated from the primary controller. The secondary controller is coupled to initiate a transition operation with the primary controller to take control of the power switch with one or more control signals through a communication link. The primary controller is coupled to acknowledge receipt of the…

Switch current control to shape input current

Granted: August 29, 2017
Patent Number: 9750102
A controller for use in a power converter includes a first edge detection circuit that receives a first input sense signal representative of an input of the power converter coupled to a dimmer circuit, and generates a first edge detection signal in response to the first input sense signal. A shaping circuit receives the first edge detection signal from the first edge detection circuit. The shaping circuit generates a first shape signal in response to the first edge detection signal. A…

Output-side controller with switching request at relaxation ring extremum

Granted: August 22, 2017
Patent Number: 9742288
A control circuit for use in an isolated power converter includes an output-side first controller having a switch control signal generator and an extremum locator. The switch control signal generator communicates a control signal to a second controller on the input side of the power converter via an isolated interface to initiate a transition of a switch from an OFF state to an ON state. The extremum locator enables the switch control signal generator to communicate the control signal in…

Power converter controller utilizing external resistor for programming operating paramater during startup

Granted: August 22, 2017
Patent Number: 9742294
A controller for use in a power converter includes an initialization circuit coupled to a sense terminal coupled to an external resistor to receive a sense voltage from external resistor during a startup mode of the power converter. The sense terminal is coupled to sense an output current of the power converter after the startup mode of the power converter is complete. A decoder circuit is coupled to receive the sense voltage from the initialization circuit during the startup mode of the…

Waveform shape discriminator

Granted: August 22, 2017
Patent Number: 9742309
A waveform shape discriminator includes a running maximum finder circuit coupled to receive a sense signal. The running maximum finder circuit is coupled to update a running maximum signal in response to the sense signal. A first comparator is coupled to receive the sense signal and a running maximum threshold signal that is representative of the running maximum signal. A search window block is coupled to receive the input signal to detect a search window in the sense signal. An output…

BJT drive scheme

Granted: August 15, 2017
Patent Number: 9735663
The invention generally relates to switch mode power converters (SMPCs). and methods for providing supplementary base drive to a bipolar transistor of an SMPC, and more particularly to a switching control circuit for a SMPC, a said SMPC having an inductive component coupled to receive power from an input to the SMPC, a bipolar transistor coupled to control current flow in the inductive component, an auxiliary power rail, a charge store for supplying power via the auxiliary rail to a…

Method and apparatus for implementing a power converter input terminal voltage discharge circuit

Granted: August 15, 2017
Patent Number: 9735665
A circuit for use in a power converter includes a control circuit coupled to detect whether an electrical energy source is coupled to an input of the power converter. A switch is coupled to the control circuit, and is coupled to transfer energy from the input of the power converter to an output of the power converter during a first operating mode. The control circuit is coupled to drive the switch in the first operating mode when the electrical energy source is coupled to the input of…

Protective insulator for HFET devices

Granted: August 1, 2017
Patent Number: 9722063
A high-voltage field effect transistor (HFET) includes a first semiconductor material, a second semiconductor material, and a heterojunction. The heterojunction is disposed between the first semiconductor material and the second semiconductor material. The HFET also includes a plurality of composite passivation layers, where a first composite passivation layer includes a first insulation layer and a first passivation layer, and a second composite passivation layer includes a second…

Energy transfer element with capacitor compensated cancellation and balance shield windings

Granted: August 1, 2017
Patent Number: 9722499
Energy transfer element circuitry for use in a power converter includes a cancellation shield winding wound around an energy transfer element core. A first trimming capacitor is coupled to a first end of the cancellation shield winding to adjust a shield response of the cancellation shield winding. A second end of the cancellation shield winding is unconnected. A primary winding is wound around the energy transfer element core. A balance shield winding is wound around the energy transfer…

Limit-to-valley ratio circuitry in power converters

Granted: August 1, 2017
Patent Number: 9722506
A controller for a switched mode power converter includes limit-to-valley ratio circuitry, an on-time generator, and a drive circuit. The limit-to-valley ratio circuitry is coupled to generate a ratio signal in response to sensing a switch current of a switch that regulates an output of the switched mode power converter. The ratio signal is representative of a time ratio between a first length of time that the switch current is at or above a switch current limit and a second length of…

Programming in a power conversion system with a reference pin

Granted: July 11, 2017
Patent Number: 9703311
An interface module for use in a power conversion system includes a first current circuit coupled to a single external programming terminal to conduct a programming current through an external programming circuitry coupled to the single external programming terminal. A current comparator is coupled to the first current circuit to compare a current representative of the programming current with an internal current. A mode select circuit is coupled to the current comparator to generate a…

Static discharge system

Granted: June 27, 2017
Patent Number: 9691755
A semiconductor circuit includes a three-terminal high voltage semiconductor device, a charge distribution structure and a static discharge system. The charge distribution structure has a plurality of conductors with a floating potential. The charge distribution structure is capacitively coupled to a first terminal of the semiconductor device. The static discharge system removes charge that accumulates on at least a subset of the conductors. The static discharge system removes the charge…

Power converter controller with input current slope adjustment

Granted: June 27, 2017
Patent Number: 9692298
A transient event detector includes a first reference generator, an adjustable low-pass filter, and a comparator. The first reference generator coupled to scale the input current signal to generate a first reference current signal that tracks the input current signal. The adjustable low-pass filter circuit is coupled to receive the input current signal and to generate a filtered input current signal such that a magnitude of a slope of the filtered input current signal is less than the…

Input frequency measurement

Granted: June 13, 2017
Patent Number: 9680382
A frequency determination circuit includes a positive crossing sense circuit coupled to receive an input voltage to sense a positive crossing of an input voltage. A validation circuit is coupled to the positive crossing sense circuit to validate a previous zero crossing and the positive crossing of the input voltage after the positive crossing of the of the input voltage has occurred. A measurement circuit is coupled to the positive crossing sense circuit and the validation circuit to…

Input overvoltage protection using current limit

Granted: June 13, 2017
Patent Number: 9680383
A controller for use in a power converter includes a state selection circuit coupled to receive an input voltage sense signal representative of an input voltage, a switch current sense signal representative of a switch current of a power switch, and a feedback signal representative of an output quantity of the power converter. The state selection circuit is coupled to generate an input voltage signal in response to the input voltage sense signal, an input current signal in response to…

Controller for a power supply with transition region regulation

Granted: June 13, 2017
Patent Number: 9680384
Energy in a power converter is regulated by receiving a first signal representative of an output voltage and a second signal representative of a current of the power converter. An output current of the power converter is determined in response to at least one of the first and second signals. An inner maximum output power point corresponding to a first value of output voltage and a first value of output current is determined. An outer maximum output power point corresponding to a second…

Demand-controlled, low standby power linear shunt regulator

Granted: May 30, 2017
Patent Number: 9667154
A shunt regulator for use in a power converter having an energy transfer element for regulating a transfer energy of the output signal delivered to the load. An auxiliary winding of the energy transfer element being utilized to produce an internal bypass voltage, VBP, at a bypass pin coupled to an external capacitive load, the shunt regulator including a two-mode operational amplifier that produces an output signal that controls a shunt current through the shunt switch. At power-up, or…