Quantum Patent Grants

Method and device for identifying nucleotide, and method and device for determining nucleotide sequence of polynucleotide

Granted: February 12, 2019
Patent Number: 10202644
The present invention provides technology that uses current measurements to identify nucleotides and determine a nucleotide sequence in polynucleotides. The present invention calculates a modal value of a tunnel current that arises when a nucleotide or polynucleotide for analysis passes through between electrodes, and then employs the calculated modal value. The present invention accordingly enables direct rapid implementation to identify nucleotides and to determine a nucleotide…

High surface area anode with volume expansion features

Granted: February 12, 2019
Patent Number: 10205155
A high surface area anode structure for a lithium ion secondary battery including an anolyte layer, wherein the anolyte layer includes vacant space formed within a percolating network for lithium deposition thereupon.

Niobium-germanium superconducting photon detector

Granted: February 5, 2019
Patent Number: 10197440
The various embodiments described herein include methods, devices, and systems for fabricating and operating niobium-germanium-based superconducting devices. In one aspect, a device includes a superconducting nanowire composed of niobium-germanium, a protective layer configured to inhibit oxidation of the superconducting nanowire, and a current source configured to supply a current to the superconducting nanowire. In another aspect, a method of fabrication includes: (1) depositing a…

Using a cavity to polarize a spin ensemble

Granted: February 5, 2019
Patent Number: 10197641
In some aspects, polarization of a spin ensemble can be increased using cavity-based techniques. A resonator applies drive field to a spin ensemble in a static magnetic field. The drive field couples the spin ensemble with a cavity, and the coupling increases the polarization of the spin ensemble. In some cases, the cavity is detuned from the spin- resonance frequency, and the Rabi frequency associated with the drive field can be matched to the cavity detuning.

Using a thermally-isolated cavity to polarize a spin ensemble

Granted: February 5, 2019
Patent Number: 10197642
In some aspects, polarization of a spin ensemble can be increased using cavity-based techniques. A resonator applies a drive field to a spin ensemble in a sample in a static magnetic field. The drive field couples the spin ensemble with a cavity, and the coupling increases the polarization of the spin ensemble. In some cases, the sample is thermally insulated from the cavity, for example, to maintain the sample at a higher temperature than the cavity. In some implementations, the spin…

Transferring spin polarization

Granted: February 5, 2019
Patent Number: 10197643
In some aspects, polarization of a spin ensemble can be increased using cavity-based techniques. A sample contains a first spin ensemble and a second spin ensemble. A drive field couples the first spin ensemble with a cavity, and the coupling increases the polarization of the first spin ensemble. Polarization is transferred from the first spin ensemble to the second spin ensemble. In some examples, the polarization is transferred from a solvent or an abundant species to a solute or a…

Lithium rich nickel manganese cobalt oxide (LR-NMC)

Granted: February 5, 2019
Patent Number: 10199649
Set forth herein are positive electrode active material compositions, e.g., lithium-rich nickel manganese cobalt oxides. The lithium-rich nickel manganese cobalt oxides set forth herein are characterized, in some examples, by an expanded unit cell which maximizes the uniform distribution of transition metals in the crystalline oxide. Also set forth herein are positive electrode thin films including lithium-rich nickel manganese cobalt oxide materials. Disclosed herein are novel and…

Polarizing a spin ensemble for magnetic resonance imaging

Granted: January 22, 2019
Patent Number: 10184994
In some aspects, polarization of a spin ensemble can be increased using cavity-based techniques. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system includes a cavity and a resonator. The cavity is adapted to interact with a spin ensemble in an imaging subject in a static magnetic field. The resonator is adapted to generate an interaction between the cavity and the spin ensemble that increases polarization of the spin ensemble. In some implementations, the spin ensemble achieves a polarization…

System and method for improved seismic acoustic sensor performance

Granted: January 22, 2019
Patent Number: 10185054
A sensing system responsive to a wavefield of acoustic or seismic signals. In one embodiment, the system includes a frame having a surface of tubular shape about which a layer of piezoelectric material can be positioned to extend along a first direction. A piezoelectric element is positioned under tension to apply a force against the frame, which tension increases signal response of the element.

Device for providing body temperature regulation and/or therapeutic light directed to vasculature

Granted: January 22, 2019
Patent Number: 10183174
One bracelet embodiment provides therapeutic blood irradiation at a first wrist region using a first module, and body temperature regulation/irradiation at a second wrist region using a second module. A connector couples one end of the modules together, while an attachment band releasably couples the second ends together, for attachment to the wrist. The first module includes first and second distributed pluralities of lights respectively emitting 850 and 660 nm wavelengths, and a third…

Composite pressure tank identification and tracking

Granted: January 15, 2019
Patent Number: 10181064
A device, a system, and methods for tracking conductive composite pressurized gaseous storage tanks. The system including anchoring an RFID device in a non-conductive blind boss, wherein the anchor material has a low dielectric and has minimal reflection of RF energy.

Methods for nucleic acid sequencing

Granted: January 8, 2019
Patent Number: 10174363
Methods of sequencing molecules based on luminescence lifetimes and/or intensities are provided. In some aspects, methods of sequencing nucleic acids involve determining the luminescence lifetimes, and optionally luminescence intensities, of a series of luminescently labeled nucleotides incorporated during a nucleic acid sequencing reaction.

Breather layer for exhausting permeate from pressure vessels

Granted: January 1, 2019
Patent Number: 10168002
Devices and methods for addressing permeation of a gas through a liner of a pressure vessel involve a porous layer between the liner and a composite shell of the pressure vessel around the liner. The porous layer provides fluid communication with atmosphere for gases that permeate through the liner. Such porous layers may be provided in a continuous wound set of fibers about the liner. Further, an inner composite structure may be provided between the liner and the porous layer to reduce…

Storage conditioning with intelligent rebuild

Granted: January 1, 2019
Patent Number: 10168963
Storage conditioning for a data storage system having D data storage devices (DSDs) is provided. E erasure codes (ECs) for an object are stored in the system, D>E. A map of d E-sized vectors of the D DSDs is produced. A DSD appears in e vectors. The ratio d/e is the reduced form of D/E. A hash value is produced for the object. A destination vector for storing the ECs is selected using the hash value according to a pre-determined, substantially uniform distribution. A compromised…

Method and system for generating a random bit sample

Granted: January 1, 2019
Patent Number: 10168996
The method for generating a random bit sample involves a quantum tunneling barrier. The method generally has: generating a current of charges tunneling across said quantum tunneling barrier, the current of the tunneled charges having an instantaneous level varying randomly due to quantum tunneling fluctuations and forming a raw signal; from said raw signal, obtaining a raw bit sample having a first bit number n, the first bit number n being an integer; extracting the randomness out of…

Controlling configurable variable data reduction

Granted: January 1, 2019
Patent Number: 10169170
Example apparatus, methods, and computers control configurable, variable data reduction. One example method includes identifying data reduction controlling attributes in an object to be data reduced by a configurable variable data reducer. The attributes provide information upon which decisions concerning whether and/or how to data reduce the object can be based. The example method also includes controlling a configurable variable data reducer to selectively data reduce the object based,…

Moving data from linear tape file system storage to cloud storage

Granted: January 1, 2019
Patent Number: 10169345
Example apparatus and methods access a Linear Tape File System (LTFS) repository that stores data associated with an external entity (e.g., file system, application). Data is copied from the LTFS repository, selectively converted to a form associated with a cloud repository, and provided to the cloud repository. A mapping between corresponding addresses in the LTFS repository and cloud repository is established. Requests by the external entity for data may be satisfied from either the…

High-speed autocompensation scheme of quantum key distribution

Granted: January 1, 2019
Patent Number: 10171237
The invention relates to quantum cryptography, and includes a communication system for transmitting a cryptographic key between the ends of a channel, including a transmitting node (Alice) comprising a beam splitter, an electro-optical attenuator, an amplitude modulator, a phase modulator, a storage line, a Faraday mirror, a synchronization detector; a receiving node (Bob) that includes avalanche photodiodes, a beam splitter, a circulator, a delay line, a phase modulator, a polarizing…

System and method for personalized fast navigation

Granted: December 25, 2018
Patent Number: 10162477
A system for personalized navigation of computer screens. The system can comprise electronic data processors. The system can also include a module configured to execute on the electronic data processors, where the module can be configured to display a plurality of icons retained in a file associated with a particular user on a computer screen. The icons can comprise one or more assigned icons from an assigned icons list and candidate icons from a candidate icons list, where both the…

Flash evaporation of solid state battery component

Granted: December 18, 2018
Patent Number: 10158115
In an example, the present invention provides a method for forming a film of material for a solid state battery or other energy storage device. The method includes providing a first precursor species, and providing a second precursor species. The method also includes transferring the first precursor species through a first nozzle and outputting the first precursor species in a first molecular form and transferring the second precursor species through a second nozzle and outputting the…