Ultratech Patent Applications

Masking methods for ALD processes for electrode-based devices

Granted: January 26, 2017
Application Number: 20170025272
Masking methods for atomic-layer-deposition processes for electrode-based devices are disclosed, wherein solder is used as a masking material. The methods include exposing electrical contact members of an electrical device having an active device region and a barrier layer formed by atomic layer deposition. This includes depositing solder elements on the electrical contact members, then forming the barrier layer using atomic layer deposition, wherein the barrier layer covers the active…

High-efficiency line-forming optical systems and methods using a serrated spatial filter

Granted: January 26, 2017
Application Number: 20170025287
High-efficiency line-forming optical systems and methods that employ a serrated aperture are disclosed. The line-forming optical system includes a laser source, a beam conditioning optical system, a first aperture device, and a relay optical system that includes a second aperture device having the serrated aperture. The serrated aperture is defined by opposing serrated blades configured to reduce intensity variations in a line image formed at an image plane as compared to using an…

Polarization-based coherent gradient sensing systems and methods

Granted: December 15, 2016
Application Number: 20160363440
Polarization-based coherent gradient-sensing systems and methods for measuring at least one surface-shape property of a specularly reflective surface are disclosed. The method includes: reflecting a first circularly polarized laser beam from a sample surface to form a second circularly polarized laser beam that contains surface-shape information; converting the second circularly polarized laser beam to a linearly polarized reflected laser beam; directing respective first and second…

Microchamber laser processing systems and methods using localized process-gas atmosphere

Granted: December 8, 2016
Application Number: 20160354865
Microchamber laser processing systems and methods that use a localized process-gas atmosphere are disclosed. The method includes processing a substrate with a surface by providing a process gas to a central region of the microchamber that includes the surface of the substrate and providing a curtain gas to a peripheral region of the chamber that includes the surface of the substrate. The method also includes providing a vacuum to a region of the chamber between its central and peripheral…

SILICON GERMANIUM HETEROJUNCTION BIPOLAR TRANSISTOR STRUCTURE AND METHOD

Granted: December 1, 2016
Application Number: 20160351682
Disclosed is an improved semiconductor structure (e.g., a silicon germanium (SiGe) hetero-junction bipolar transistor) having a narrow essentially interstitial-free SIC pedestal with minimal overlap of the extrinsic base. Also, disclosed is a method of forming the transistor which uses laser annealing, as opposed to rapid thermal annealing, of the SIC pedestal to produce both a narrow SIC pedestal and an essentially interstitial-free collector. Thus, the resulting SiGe HBT transistor can…

Method of laser annealing a semiconductor wafer with localized control of ambient oxygen

Granted: November 24, 2016
Application Number: 20160343583
Laser annealing of a semiconductor wafers using a forming gas for localized control of ambient oxygen gas to reduce the amount of oxidization during laser annealing is disclosed. The forming gas includes hydrogen gas and an inert buffer gas such as nitrogen gas. The localized heating of the oxygen gas and the forming gas in the vicinity of the annealing location on the surface of the semiconductor wafer creates a localized region within which combustion of oxygen gas and hydrogen gas…

High-efficiency line-forming optical systems and methods

Granted: October 20, 2016
Application Number: 20160306177
A line-forming optical system and method are disclosed that form a line image with high-efficiency. A method includes forming a laser beam having a first intensity profile with a Gaussian distribution in at least a first direction and passing at least 50% of the laser beam in the first direction to form a first transmitted light. The method also includes: focusing the first transmitted light at an intermediate image plane to define a second intensity profile having a central peak and…

PLASMA ENHANCED ALD SYSTEM

Granted: September 29, 2016
Application Number: 20160281223
An improved Plasma Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition (PEALD) system and related operating methods are disclosed. A vacuum reaction chamber includes a vacuum system that separates a first outflow from the reaction chamber, comprising unreacted first precursor, from a second outflow from the reaction chamber, comprising second precursor and any reaction by products from the reaction of the second precursor with the coating surfaces. A trap, including trap material surfaces, is provided to…

Systems and methods for reducing pulsed laser beam profile non-uniformities for laser annealing

Granted: September 22, 2016
Application Number: 20160276184
Systems and methods for reducing pulsed laser beam profile non-uniformities for laser annealing are disclosed. The methods include directing an initial pulsed laser beam along an optical axis, and imparting to each light pulse a time-varying angular deflection relative to the optical axis. This forms a new laser beam wherein each light pulse is smeared out over an amount of spatial deflection ? sufficient to reduce the micro-scale intensity variations in the laser beam. The new laser…

Laser annealing systems and methods with ultra-short dwell times

Granted: August 18, 2016
Application Number: 20160240407
Laser annealing systems and methods for annealing a semiconductor wafer with ultra-short dwell times are disclosed. The laser annealing systems can include one or two laser beams that at least partially overlap. One of the laser beams is a pre-heat laser beam and the other laser beam is the annealing laser beam. The annealing laser beam scans sufficiently fast so that the dwell time is in the range from about 1 ?s to about 100 ?s. These ultra-short dwell times are useful for annealing…

SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES FOR FORMING THREE-DIMENSIONAL INTEGRATED CIRCUITS

Granted: August 18, 2016
Application Number: 20160240440
Provided are systems and processes for forming a three-dimensional circuit on a substrate. A radiation source produces a beam that is directed at a substrate having an isolating layer interposed between circuit layers. The circuit layers communicate with each other via a seed region exhibiting a crystalline surface. At least one circuit layer has an initial microstructure that exhibits electronic properties unsuitable for forming circuit features therein. After being controllably heat…

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FORMING DEVICE QUALITY GALLIUM NITRIDE LAYERS ON SILICON SUBSTRATES

Granted: July 14, 2016
Application Number: 20160203972
Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) is used for heteroepitaxial film growth at reaction temperatures ranging from 80-400° C. The substrate and film materials are preferably selected to take advantage of Domain Matched Epitaxy (DME). A laser annealing system is used to thermally anneal deposition layers after deposition by ALD. In preferred embodiments a silicon substrate is overlaid with an AIN nucleation layer and laser annealed. Thereafter a GaN device layers is applied over the AIN layer…

Laser annealing systems and methods with ultra-short dwell times

Granted: June 23, 2016
Application Number: 20160181120
Laser annealing systems and methods with ultra-short dwell times are disclosed. The method includes locally pre-heating the wafer with a pre-heat line image and then rapidly scanning an annealing image relative to the pre-heat line image to define a scanning overlap region that has a dwell time is in the range from 10 ns to 500 ns. These ultra-short dwell times are useful for performing surface or subsurface melt annealing of product wafers because they prevent the device structures from…

FORMATION OF HETEROEPITAXIAL LAYERS WITH RAPID THERMAL PROCESSING TO REMOVE LATTICE DISLOCATIONS

Granted: June 2, 2016
Application Number: 20160155629
Method and devices are disclosed for device manufacture of gallium nitride devices by growing a gallium nitride layer on a silicon substrate using Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) followed by rapid thermal annealing. Gallium nitride is grown directly on silicon or on a barrier layer of aluminum nitride grown on the silicon substrate. One or both layers are thermally processed by rapid thermal annealing. Preferably the ALD process use a reaction temperature below 550° C. and preferable…

High-efficiency line-forming optical systems and methods for defect annealing and dopant activation

Granted: May 26, 2016
Application Number: 20160148810
High-efficiency line-forming optical systems and methods for defect annealing and dopant activation are disclosed. The system includes a CO2-based line-forming system configured to form at a wafer surface a first line image having between 2000 W and 3000 W of optical power. The line image is scanned over the wafer surface to locally raise the temperature up to a defect anneal temperature. The system can include a visible-wavelength diode-based line-forming system that forms a second line…

Atomic Layer Deposition Head

Granted: April 28, 2016
Application Number: 20160115596
An ALD coating method to provide a coating surface on a substrate is provided. The ALD coating method comprises: providing a deposition heading including a unit cell having a first precursor nozzle assembly and a second precursor nozzle assembly; emitting a first precursor from the first precursor nozzle assembly into chamber under atmospheric conditions in a direction substantially normal to the coating surface; emitting a second precursor from the first precursor nozzle assembly into…

Laser annealing systems and methods with ultra-short dwell times

Granted: March 24, 2016
Application Number: 20160086832
Laser annealing systems and methods for annealing a semiconductor wafer with ultra-short dwell times are disclosed. The laser annealing systems can include one or two laser beams that at least partially overlap. One of the laser beams is a pre-heat laser beam and the other laser beam is the annealing laser beam. The annealing laser beam scans sufficiently fast so that the dwell time is in the range from about 1 ?s to about 100 ?s. These ultra-short dwell times are useful for annealing…

Radical-enhanced atomic layer deposition using CF4 to enhance oxygen radical generation

Granted: March 3, 2016
Application Number: 20160064208
A method of performing a radical-enhanced atomic-layer deposition process on a surface of a substrate that resides within an interior of a reactor chamber is disclosed. The method includes forming plasma from a gas mixture consisting of CF4 and O2, wherein the CF4 is present in a concentration in the range from 0.1 vol % to 10 vol %. The plasma formed from the gas mixture generates oxygen radicals O* faster than if there were no CF4 present in the gas mixture. The method also includes…

High-efficiency line-forming optical systems and methods

Granted: February 4, 2016
Application Number: 20160033773
A line-forming optical system and method are disclosed that form a line image with high-efficiency. A method includes forming a laser beam having a first intensity profile with a Gaussian distribution in at least a first direction and passing at least 50% of the laser beam in the first direction to form a first transmitted light. The method also includes: focusing the first transmitted light at an intermediate image plane to define a second intensity profile having a central peak and…

Systems and methods for reducing beam instability in laser annealing

Granted: December 24, 2015
Application Number: 20150371911
Systems and methods for reducing beam instability in laser annealing are disclosed. The method includes: directing a conditioned laser beam through an opening in an aperture using a beam-redirecting element; forming a line image on the surface of the semiconductor wafer by imaging the aperture onto the surface, thereby locally heating the surface to form an annealing temperature distribution; detecting a thermal emission from the locally heated wafer surface; determining the annealing…