Rambus Patent Grants

System including hierarchical memory modules having different types of integrated circuit memory devices

Granted: September 19, 2017
Patent Number: 9767918
Volatile memory devices may be on a first memory module that is coupled to a memory controller by a first signal path. A nonvolatile memory device may be on a second memory module that is coupled to the first memory module by a second signal path. A memory transaction for the nonvolatile memory device may be transferred from the memory controller to at least one of the volatile memory devices using the first signal path and data associated with the memory transaction is to be written…

Clock and data recovery having shared clock generator

Granted: September 19, 2017
Patent Number: 9768947
This disclosure provides a clock recovery circuit for a multi-lane communication system. Local clocks are recovered from the input signals using respective local CDR circuits, and associated CDR error signals are aggregated or otherwise combined. A global recovered clock for shared use by the local CDR circuits is generated at a controllable oscillation frequency as a function of a combination of the error signals from the plurality of receivers. A voltage- or current-controlled delay…

Partial response equalizer and related method

Granted: September 19, 2017
Patent Number: 9768986
A multi-phase partial response receiver supports various incoming data rates by sampling PrDFE output values at a selected one of at least two clock phases. The receiver includes a calibration circuit that performs a timing analysis of critical data paths in the circuit, and this analysis is then used to select the particular clock phase used to latch the output values. These techniques permit the multiplexer outputs from for each phase of the partial response receiver to directly drive…

Temporal redundancy

Granted: September 12, 2017
Patent Number: 9762434
A circuit is provided to facilitate temporal redundancy for inter-chip communication. When an inter-chip communication channel fails, data bits associated with the faulty channel are steered to a non-faulty channel and transmitted via the non-faulty channel together with data bits associated with the non-faulty channel at an increased data rate.

Chip-to-chip signaling link timing calibration

Granted: September 5, 2017
Patent Number: 9753521
In an integrated circuit device that outputs data values during respective transmit intervals defined by transitions of a transmit clock, the phase of the transmit clock is shifted by half a transmit interval to enable a timing calibration operation. Thereafter, a sequence of data values is transmitted to another integrated circuit device in response to the phase-shifted transmit clock and a samples of the sequence of data values are received from the other integrated circuit device. The…

Phase calibration of clock signals

Granted: September 5, 2017
Patent Number: 9755819
A receiver with clock phase calibration. A first sampling circuit generates first digital data based on an input signal, a sampling phase of the first sampling circuit controlled by a first clock signal. A second sampling circuit generates second digital data based on the input signal, a sampling phase of the second sampling circuit controlled by a second clock signal. Circuitry within the receiver calibrates the clocks in different stages. During a first calibration stage, a phase of…

Patchwork Fresnel zone plates for lensless imaging

Granted: August 29, 2017
Patent Number: 9746593
Described are imaging devices that employ patchworks of diffractive structures as focusing optics. Each diffractive structure best focuses light over a relatively narrow cone of incident angles, and provides suboptimal focusing for incident angles outside that cone. Different diffractive structures best focus different angular ranges, with the patchwork thus providing an overall focusable response for the relatively broad range of angles required to image a scene. Images can be captured…

Extended-height DIMM

Granted: August 29, 2017
Patent Number: 9747037
An extended-height DIMM for use in a memory system having slots designed to receive DIMMs that comply with a JEDEC standard that specifies a maximum height for the DIMM and a maximum number of devices allowed to reside on the DIMM. The DIMM comprises a PCB having an edge connector designed to mate with a memory system slot and a height which is greater than the maximum height specified in the applicable standard, a plurality of memory devices which exceeds the maximum number of devices…

Memory rank and ODT configuration in a memory system

Granted: August 29, 2017
Patent Number: 9747230
A memory system includes a two memory modules and a memory controller. The memory modules each include at least a first memory package corresponding to a first number of memory ranks (e.g. one memory rank) and a second memory package corresponding to a second number of memory ranks (e.g. two memory ranks) that is greater than the first number of memory ranks. For each module, the memory packages may be asymmetrically staggered such that one memory package is further from the memory…

Method and apparatus for source-synchronous signaling

Granted: August 29, 2017
Patent Number: 9748960
A low-power, high-performance source-synchronous chip interface which provides rapid turn-on and facilitates high signaling rates between a transmitter and a receiver located on different chips is described in various embodiments. Some embodiments of the chip interface include, among others: a segmented “fast turn-on” bias circuit to reduce power supply ringing during the rapid power-on process; current mode logic clock buffers in a clock path of the chip interface to further reduce…

Equalizing transmitter and method of operation

Granted: August 29, 2017
Patent Number: 9749160
A transmitter for providing channel equalization that includes a first driver and second driver having a high pass filter. The first driver generates a first output signal representing a digital input signal. The second driver generates a second output signal representing a high pass filtered version of the digital input signal. The first and second output signals are summed to provide a third output signal that is channel equalized for transmission over a channel.

Methods and apparatus for synchronizing communication with a memory controller

Granted: August 22, 2017
Patent Number: 9741423
A memory controller receives data and phase-providing signals from a memory device. The phase-providing signal is not a clock signal, but is used by the memory controller to phase align a local data-sampling signal with the incoming data. The memory controller samples the data signal with the data-sampling signal. The memory controller can perform maintenance operations to update the phase relationship between the phase-providing and data-sampling signals.

Memory controller

Granted: August 22, 2017
Patent Number: 9741424
A memory controller component includes transmit circuitry and adjusting circuitry. The transmit circuitry transmits a clock signal and write data to a DRAM, the write data to be sampled by the DRAM using a timing signal. The adjusting circuitry adjusts transmit timing of the write data and of the timing signal such that an edge transition of the timing signal is aligned with an edge transition of the clock signal at the DRAM.

High-speed signaling systems with adaptable pre-emphasis and equalization

Granted: August 22, 2017
Patent Number: 9742602
A signaling system includes a pre-emphasizing transmitter and an equalizing receiver coupled to one another via a high-speed signal path. The receiver measures the quality of data conveyed from the transmitter. A controller uses this information and other information to adaptively establish appropriate transmit pre-emphasis and receive equalization settings, e.g. to select the lowest power setting for which the signaling system provides some minimum communication bandwidth without…

Memory with alternative command interfaces

Granted: August 15, 2017
Patent Number: 9734112
A memory device or module selects between alternative command ports. Memory systems with memory modules incorporating such memory devices support point-to-point connectivity and efficient interconnect usage for different numbers of modules. The memory devices and modules can be of programmable data widths. Devices on the same module can be configured select different command ports to facilitate memory threading. Modules can likewise be configured to select different command ports for the…

Process authenticated memory page encryption

Granted: August 15, 2017
Patent Number: 9734357
A memory controller encrypts contents of a page frame based at least in part on a frame key associated with the page frame. The memory controller generates a first encrypted version of the frame key based at least in part on a first process key associated with a first process, wherein the first encrypted version of the frame key is stored in a first memory table associated with the first process. The memory controller generates a second encrypted version of the frame key based at least…

Memory device comprising programmable command-and-address and/or data interfaces

Granted: August 15, 2017
Patent Number: 9734879
A memory device comprising a programmable command-and-address (CA) interface and/or a programmable data interface is described. In an operational mode, two or more CA interfaces may be active. In another operational mode, at least one, but not all, CA interfaces may be active. In an operational mode, all of the data interfaces may be active. In another operational mode, at least one, but not all, data interfaces may be active. The memory device can include circuitry to select: an…

Memory repair using external tags

Granted: August 15, 2017
Patent Number: 9734921
A memory device (100) includes an extra column (114) of repair memory tiles. These repair memory tiles are accessed at the same time, and in the same manner as the main array of memory tiles. The output of the repair column is substituted for the output of a column of the main array (112). The main array column that is substituted is determined by tags (121) stored externally to the memory device. The external tags are queried with a partial address of the access. If the address of the…

Jitter-based clock selection

Granted: August 15, 2017
Patent Number: 9735791
In a first clock frequency multiplier, multiple injection-locked oscillators (ILOs) having spectrally-staggered lock ranges are operated in parallel to effect a collective input frequency range substantially wider than that of a solitary ILO. After each input frequency change, the ILO output clocks may be evaluated according to one or more qualifying criteria to select one of the ILOs as the final clock source. In a second clock frequency multiplier, a flexible-injection-rate…

Integrated circuit comprising circuitry to determine settings for an injection-locked oscillator

Granted: August 15, 2017
Patent Number: 9735792
Embodiments of an integrated circuit (IC) comprising circuitry to determine settings for an injection-locked oscillator (ILO) are described. In some embodiments, an injection signal is generated based on a first clock edge of a reference clock signal, and is injected into an ILO. Next, one or more output signals of the ILO are sampled based on a second clock edge of the reference clock signal, and settings for the ILO are determined based on the samples. In some embodiments, a sequence…