Cavium Patent Grants

Determination of flip-flop count in physical design

Granted: October 17, 2017
Patent Number: 9792400
System and method of determining flip-flop counts of interconnects of a physical layout during integrated circuit (IC) design. The outputs of each logic block are defined as primary inputs, and the inputs of each logic block are defined as primary outputs. Each interconnect is traversed from a primary input a primary output to identify the flip-flops and determine the flip-flop count. If an interconnect has a greater flip-flop count than an RTL estimated count, measures are taken to…

Graph caching

Granted: October 10, 2017
Patent Number: 9787693
In a method and apparatus for analyzing nodes of a Deterministic Finite Automata (DFA), an accessibility ranking, based on a DFA graph geometrical configuration, may be determined in order to determine cacheable portions of the DFA graph in order to reduce the number of external memory accesses. A walker process may be configured to walk the graph in a graph cache as well as main memory. The graph may be generated in a manner allowing each arc to include information if the node it is…

Engine architecture for processing finite automata

Granted: October 10, 2017
Patent Number: 9785403
An engine architecture for processing finite automata includes a hyper non-deterministic automata (HNA) processor specialized for non-deterministic finite automata (NFA) processing. The HNA processor includes a plurality of super-clusters and an HNA scheduler. Each super-cluster includes a plurality of clusters. Each cluster of the plurality of clusters includes a plurality of HNA processing units (HPUs). A corresponding plurality of HPUs of a corresponding plurality of clusters of at…

Testbench builder, system, device and method having agent loopback functionality

Granted: October 3, 2017
Patent Number: 9778315
A testbench for testing a device under test (DUT), wherein the testbench has a verification environment including a reference model, a scoreboard and a customized agent for each interface that the DUT needs to receive input from and/or transmit output on. The testbench system is able to be generated by a testbench builder that automatically creates a scoreboard, a reference model, a dispatcher and generic agents including generic drivers, loopback ports, sequencers and/or generic…

Managing translation invalidation

Granted: October 3, 2017
Patent Number: 9779028
Managing translation invalidation includes: in response to determining that a first invalidation message (IM) applies to a subset of virtual addresses (VAs) consisting of fewer than all VAs associated with a first set of translation context (TC) values, searching VA-indexed structure(s) to find and invalidate any entries that correspond to a VA in the subset; in response to determining that a second IM applies to all VAs associated with a second set of TC values and that no entry exists…

System and method for low-latency multimedia streaming

Granted: October 3, 2017
Patent Number: 9781477
Systems and methods for transmitting a multimedia stream over a communication link on a network are disclosed. The systems and methods adaptively adjust encoding parameters based on monitoring changing conditions of the network. A transmitter includes an adaptive-rate encoder that adaptively adjusts a video encoding bit rate in response to changing conditions of the communication link. The encoder maintains tight rate control by utilizing slice processing and sub-frame rate adaptation,…

Managing synonyms in virtual-address caches

Granted: September 26, 2017
Patent Number: 9772943
A virtual-address cache module receives at least a portion of a virtual address and in response indicates a hit or a miss. A first cache structure stores only memory blocks with virtual addresses that are members of a set of multiple synonym virtual addresses that have all been previously received by the virtual-address cache module during the operating period, where each member of a particular set of multiple synonym virtual addresses translates to a common physical address, and a…

Method and system for compressing data for a translation look aside buffer (TLB)

Granted: September 26, 2017
Patent Number: 9772952
An embodiment of the present disclosure includes a method for compressing data for a translation look aside buffer (TLB). The method includes: receiving an identifier at a content addressable memory (CAM), the identifier having a first bit length; compressing the identifier based on a location within the CAM the identifier is stored, the compressed identifier having a second bit length, the second bit length being smaller than the first bit length; and mapping at least the compressed…

Method and apparatus for table aging in a network switch

Granted: September 26, 2017
Patent Number: 9773036
Embodiments of the present invention relate to a centralized table aging module that efficiently and flexibly utilizes an embedded memory resource, and that enables and facilitates separate network controllers. The centralized table aging module performs aging of tables in parallel using the embedded memory resource. The table aging module performs an age marking process and an age refreshing process. The memory resource includes age mark memory and age mask memory. Age marking is…

Method and apparatus for quantizing soft information using linear quantization

Granted: September 19, 2017
Patent Number: 9768912
A process capable of employing compression and decompression mechanism to receive and decode soft information is disclosed. The process, in one aspect, is able to receive a data stream formatted with soft information from a communication network such as a wireless network. After identifying a set of bits representing a first logic value from a portion of the data stream in accordance with a predefined soft encoding scheme, the set of bits is compressed into a compressed set of bits. The…

Session based packet mirroring in a network ASIC

Granted: September 12, 2017
Patent Number: 9760418
A forwarding pipeline of a forwarding engine includes a mirror bit mask vector with one bit per supported independent mirror session. Each bit in the mirror bit mask vector can be set at any point in the forwarding pipeline when the forwarding engine determines that conditions for a corresponding mirror session are met. At the end of the forwarding pipeline, if any of the bits in the mirror bit mask vector is set, then a packet, the mirror bit mask vector and a pointer to the start of a…

Reverse NFA generation and processing

Granted: September 12, 2017
Patent Number: 9762544
In a processor of a security appliance, an input of a sequence of characters is walked through a finite automata graph generated for at least one given pattern. At a marked node of the finite automata graph, if a specific type of the at least one given pattern is matched at the marked node, the input sequence of characters is processed through a reverse non-deterministic finite automata (rNFA) graph generated for the specific type of the at least one given pattern by walking the input…

Input output value prediction with physical or virtual addressing for virtual environment

Granted: September 5, 2017
Patent Number: 9753859
Method and system embodying the method for input/output value determination at a processor core, comprising generating an I/O instruction comprising at least a physical or a virtual address; comparing the address with a relevant database of I/O devices addresses. When the comparing is successful determining the I/O device or a state on the I/O device to receive the I/O instruction in accordance with the address; setting a value of a first register to a value identifying the determined…

Flexible instruction execution in a processor pipeline

Granted: August 29, 2017
Patent Number: 9747109
Executing instructions in a processor includes analyzing operations to be performed by instructions, including: determining a latency associated with a first operation to be performed by a first instruction, determining a second operation to be performed by a second instruction, where a result of the second operation depends on a result of the first operation, and assigning a value to the second instruction corresponding to the determined latency associated with the first operation. One…

Packet processing system, method and device to optimize packet buffer space

Granted: August 29, 2017
Patent Number: 9747226
A buffer logic unit of a packet processing device that is configured to allocate single pages to two or more packets if the current packets stored on the page do not fully fill the single page and to store and maintain page slot specific page state data for each of the packet data stored on the pages.

Method to measure edge-rate timing penalty of digital integrated circuits

Granted: August 22, 2017
Patent Number: 9740807
Methods for evaluating timing delays in unbalanced digital circuit elements and for correcting timing delays computed by static-timing models are described. Unbalanced circuit elements have large edge-rates at their input and small edge-rates at their output. Unbalanced circuit elements may be analyzed using a modified loaded ring oscillator. A statistical model and a fixed-corner model may be used to calculate timing delays associated with the unbalanced circuit elements and a timing…

Method of dynamically renumbering ports and an apparatus thereof

Granted: August 22, 2017
Patent Number: 9742694
Embodiments of the apparatus of dynamically renumbering ports relate to a network chip that minimizes the total logic on the network chip by limiting the number of states that needs to be preserved for all ports on the network chip. Each pipe on the network chip implements a dynamic port renumbering scheme that dynamically assigns a relative port number for each port assigned to that pipe. The dynamic port renumbering scheme allows for internal parallelism without increasing the total…

Method for storing and retrieving packets in high bandwidth and low latency packet processing devices

Granted: August 15, 2017
Patent Number: 9736069
A packet processor includes a header processor and a packet memory. A receive direct memory access block is configured to receive a packet with a header and a payload and to route the header to the header processor and to route the payload to the packet memory such that the header processor begins processing of the header while the payload is loaded into packet memory.

Apparatus and method for processing alternately configured longest prefix match tables

Granted: August 8, 2017
Patent Number: 9729447
A network switch includes a memory configurable to store alternate table representations of an individual trie in a hierarchy of tries. A prefix table processor accesses in parallel, using an input network address, the alternate table representations of the individual trie and searches for a longest prefix match in each alternate table representation to obtain local prefix matches. The longest prefix match from the local prefix matches is selected. The longest prefix match has an…

Lookup front end packet input processor

Granted: August 8, 2017
Patent Number: 9729527
A packet processor provides for rule matching of packets in a network architecture. The packet processor includes a lookup cluster complex having a number of lookup engines and respective on-chip memory units. The on-chip memory stores rules for matching against packet data. A lookup front-end receives lookup requests from a host, and processes these lookup requests to generate key requests for forwarding to the lookup engines. As a result of the rule matching, the lookup engine returns…